The Effect of Reading the Qur'an on the Cognitive Function of the Elderly

Yuni Valentri L.Tobing(1*), Elman Boy(2), Ahmad Shidqi Mukhtasor(3), Aminullah Furqoni(4)


(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara
(3) International Islamic University of Malaysia
(4) Al-Azhar University, Egypt
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The increasing population of the elderly can cause health problems in the elderly, including a decrease in cognitive function that is clearly visible in memory and intelligence. This can be prevented by doing activities that maximize brain power through increasing spiritual activities, such as reading the Qur'an.

Objective: To determine the effect of reading the Qur'an on cognitive function in the elderly. The study population was 60 years of age or older, with an indicator of reading the Qur'an regularly every day. Cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE).

Method: The type of literature study used is the literature review by assessing, identifying, and interpreting all findings on a research topic. Conducted using PubMed and Google Scholar restricted from 2010-2020. The keywords used in the article search were elderly, reading the Qur'an, and cognitive function. Results: Reading the Qur'an has a significant impact on the cognitive function of the elderly.

Results: This study used seven journals, where five journals were obtained from Google Scholar and two journals from PubMed. 

Conclusion: From several studies collected, it can be concluded that the longer the duration (>15 minutes) and the more regularly the elderly read the Qur'an, the better their cognitive function.


Keywords


Reading Al-Qur`an; Elderly; Cognitive Function

Full Text:

PDF

References


Daud W, Nor WM. Budaya Ilmu: Makna dan Manifestasi dalam Sejarah dan Masa Kini. Malaysia: CASIS-HAKIM. Kuala Lumpur: CASIS-UTM; 2019. 36 p.

Graham WA, Rahman F. Major Themes of the Qurʾān. Vol. 103, Journal of the American Oriental Society. University of Chicago Press; 1983. 445 p.

Al-Attas SMN. Risalah untuk Kaum Muslimin by Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas (z-lib.org).pdf. Istac; 2001. 222 p.

Auda J. Re-Envisioning Islamic Scholarship Maqasid Methodology As A New Approach. Vol. 148. Claritas Books; 2021. 148–162 p.

Kholifah SN 2016. Keperawatan Gerontik [Internet]. Vol. 1, Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2018. 1–8 p. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2016.06.001%0Ahttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2016.12.055%0Ahttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2019.02.006%0Ahttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2019.04.024%0Ahttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2019.127252%0Ahttp://dx.doi.o

He W, Goodkind D, Kowal PR. An aging world: 2015. United States Census Bureau Washington, DC; 2016.

Infodatin. Situasi lanjut usia (lansia) [Internet]. Situasi Lanjut usia (Lansia) di Indonesia. 2016. 1 p. Available from: http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/infodatin/infodatin lansia 2016.pdf

Lestari N. Hubungan Intensitas Kebiasaan Membaca Al-Quran Dengan Fungsi Kognitif Lanjut Usia di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kecamatan Ciseeng Kabupaten Bogor 2012. 2012;114.

Djajasaputra ADR, Halim MS. Fungsi Kognitif Lansia yang Beraktivitas Kognitif secara Rutin dan Tidak Rutin. J Psikol. 2019;46(2):85.

Wreksoatmodjo BR. Aktivitas Kognitif Mempengaruhi Fungsi Kognitif Lanjut Usia di Jakarta. Cdk-224. 2015;42(1):7–13.

Suzuki H, Kuraoka M, Yasunaga M, Nonaka K, Sakurai R, Takeuchi R, et al. Cognitive intervention through a training program for picture book reading in community-dwelling older adults: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Geriatr. 2014;14(1):1–9.

Iizuka A, Suzuki H, Ogawa S, Takahashi T, Cho D, Yamashiro D, et al. Randomized Controlled Trial of the Picture Book Reading Program on Cognitive Function in Middle-Aged People. Front Psychiatry. 2021;12:624487.

Tika H, Mitsalina M, Rahcma N. Pesantren Lansia Sebagai Upaya Meminimalkan Resiko Penurunan Fungsi Kognitif Pada Lansia Di Balai Rehabilitasu Sosial Lansia UNIT II Pucang Gading Semarang. J Keperawatan Komunitas. 2013;1(1):1–9.

WHO. Age Standardization of Rates: A new WHO Standard. 2001.

WHO. World health statistics 2013: a wealth of information on global public health. 2013.

Kemenkes RI. Pedoman pembinaan kesehatan lanjut usia bagi petugas kesehatan. Kemenkes RI, Jakarta. Jakarta; 2010.

Mardan. Al-Qur’an.; 2010 [Internet]. 2010. Available from: http://repositori.uin-alauddin.ac.id/1661/1/Prof. Mardan.pdf

Hadis. Muslim, Shahih Muslim [Internet]. Da’wahrigth publisher. Beirut, Lebanon: Dar Ihya at-Turats; 2010. 54–46 p. Available from: http://telkom-hadits9imam.com

Asy-Syaukani F al-Q. Dar Ibnu Katsir. Beirut;

Mukarramah M. Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik Dan Intensitas Membaca [Internet]. Unifversitas Islam Negeri Makassar; 2016. Available from: http://repositori.uin-alauddin.ac.id/1341/

Sincihu Y, Sinjaya F, Djaputra EM. Occupational History as a Predictor of Cognitive Ability in the Elderly. Indian J Public Heal Res Dev [Internet]. 2020 Jan 31;11(1):1656. Available from: https://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijphrd/article/view/1175

Irawati K, Madani F. Durasi Membaca Al-Qur’an dengan Fungsi Kognitif pada Lansia. Mutiara Med J Kedokt dan Kesehat. 2019;19(1).

Abdul Wahid S. Studi Ulang Ilmu Al-Qur’an & Tafsir. Jilid 2(dua). Yogyakarta: Suara Muhammadiyah. Retrieved from https://opac. perpusnas. go …; 2012. p. 113.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 47 times
PDF - 4 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/magnamed.9.2.2022.183-189

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by

 

      

 

Creative Commons License

MAGNA MEDIKA by APKKM is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.