Women as Commodities: An Analysis of Little Women Adaptations

Sephia Dwinusa Putri(1*)


(1) Universitas Padjadjaran
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study examines the portrayal of women as commodities and their agency in the adaptations of Little Women through the lens of Luce Irigaray's "Women on the Market." By analyzing the 2019 film adaptation, the limited economic agency of women is highlighted, emphasizing the economic implications of marriage and the commodification of women's bodies. However, the actions of Aunt March present a compelling contradiction, demonstrating women's potential to challenge societal norms and assert control over their assets. Additionally, the unique qualities of the four sisters challenge their objectification as commodities, aligning with Irigaray's observations. While the 1994 adaptation adheres to traditional expectations, the 2019 adaptation by Gerwig introduces alternative and ambiguous endings, emphasizing women's agency beyond romantic relationships. This research contributes to the field by providing a deeper understanding of the complex interplay between gender, class, and women's agency in these adaptations of Little Women.


Keywords


women, gender, class, commodities.

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References


Armstrong, G. (Director). (1994). Little Women. Columbia Pictures.

Foote, S. (2005). Resentful Little Women: Gender and Class Feeling in Louisa May Alcott. College Literature, 32(1), 63–85. https://doi.org/10.1353/lit.2005.0005

Gerwig, G. (Director). (2019). Little Women. Sony Pictures Entertainment.

Hollinger, K., & Winterhalter, T. (1999). A Feminist Romance: Adapting Little Women to the Screen. Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, 18(2), 173. https://doi.org/10.2307/464445

Hutcheon, L. (2006). A theory of adaptation (2nd ed.). Routledge.

Irigaray, L. (1985). Women on the Market. In This Sex which is Not True. Cornell University Press.

Smyth, J. E. (2020). Outgrowing Little Women. Cinéaste, 45(2), 8–13. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26891903


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