Efek Terapi Perilaku, Terapi Kognitif Perilaku dan Psikoedukasi Keluarga pada Klien Halusinasi Menggunakan Pendekatan Teori Berubah Kurt Lewin

Denny Paul Ricky, Budi Anna Keliat, Novy Helena C Daulima

Abstract


Hallucination is the most nursing diagnose found in mental health hospital. The purpose of this scientific report is to determine the effect of behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and family psychoeducation therapy on client’s skill and signs and symptoms of hallucination using Kurt Lewin’s Change Theory Model approach. The method used is the application of behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and family psychoeducation to 16 clients with hallucination. Clients are grouped into three groups: 8 clients were given behavioral therapy, 4 clients were given behavioral therapy and family psychoeducation, and 4 clients were given cognitive behavioral therapy. The results showed cognitive behavior therapy increases client’s skills and family’s skills but reduces most signs and symptoms of hallucination than clients who received behavioral therapy and psychoeducation or client who received behavior therapy only. Cognitive behavior therapy is strongly recommended in treating client with hallucination.

Keywords


Hallucination; Kurt Lewin’s Change Theory Model; behavior therapy; cognitive behavior therapy; family psychoeducation therapy.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.2.2.2014.149-165

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