STRES AKADEMIK DAN GEJALA GASTROINTESTINAL PADA MAHASISWA KEPERAWATAN

Afifah Afifah, Ice Yulia Wardani

Abstract


Salah satu stresor mahasiswa berkaitan dengan akademik. Respon terhadap stres akademik tersebut dapat berupa psikologis dan fisiologis. Salah satu respon fisiologis stres yaitu gejala gastrointestinal. Desain penelitian adalah cross sectional, teknik sampel menggunakan Propotionate stratified random sampling dengan melibatkan 227 mahasiswa. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat (uji chi-square). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat mahasiswa yang tingkat stresnya tinggi yaitu 44,9% dan mahasiswa yang mengalami gejala gastrointestinal berat sejumlah 33,5%. Gejala yang banyak dilaporkan yaitu dismotilitas atas diikuti dengan gejala pada usus. Hasil uji korelasi yaitu terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara stres akademik dengan gejala gastrointestinal pada mahasiswa FIK UI (p value = 0,018; ɑ = 0,05). Hasil uji odd ratio (OR) yaitu 2,037. Hal tersebut berarti mahasiswa dengan stres akademik tingkat tinggi lebih berpeluang mengalami gejala gastrointestinal 2,037 kali dibandingkan dengan mahasiswa yang memilik tingkat stres rendah. Untuk mengurangi tingkat stres akademik seperti ujian, perlu dikembangkan kegiatan diskusi diluar waktu kuliah untuk meningkatkan persiapan.

 

Kata kunci: gejala gastrointestinal, mahasiswa keperawatan, stres akademik


ACADEMIC STRESS AND GASTROINTESTINAL SYMPTOMS IN NURSING STUDENTS

 

ABSTRACT

One of the student stressors is related to academics. The response to academic stress can be psychological and physiological. One of the stressful physiological responses is gastrointestinal symptoms. A cross sectional study design was used, the sample technique using Propotionate stratified random sampling involving 227 students. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis (chi-square test). The results showed that there are students with high stress level that is 44.9% and students who experience symptoms of gastrointestinal weight of 33.5%. Most of the nursing student complained of upper dysmotility and bowel symptoms. Correlation test result that there is a significant correlation between academic stress with gastrointestinal symptoms in FIK UI student (p value = 0,018; ɑ = 0,05). Result of odd ratio test (OR) that is 2,037. This means that students with high-level academic stress are more likely to experience gastrointestinal symptoms 2,037 times compared with students who have low levels of stress. To reduce the level of academic stress such as exams, it is necessary to develop discussion activities outside of college time to improve preparation for exams.

 

Keywords: Academic stress, gastrointestinal symptoms, nursing students


Keywords


gejala gastrointestinal; mahasiswa keperawatan; stres akademik

Full Text:

PDF

References


Esteem an Academic Stress among Nursing Student. Khatmandu Univ Med, 13 (52): 298-302.

Andri. (2011). The Biopsychosocial Concept in Psychosomatic Complaints. 61 (9). 375-379.

Ansari, Walid El, Oskcrochi, Reza, Stock, Christiane. (2013). Symptoms and health complaints and their association with perceived stress: student from seven universities in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. J public health 21: 413-425.

Awaludin, Ijang. (2015). Tingkat Stres Akademik pada Mahasiswa Penerima Program Beasiswa Pengembangan Diri (Beastudi Etos) Wilayah Jakarta dan Bogor (Skripsi). Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Jawa Barat.

Bathia, V, Tando, Rakesh K. (2005). Stres and the Gastrointestinal track. Journal of gastroenterology and Hepatology 20, 332-339.

Drossman, Douglas A. Swantkowski, Melissa. (2006) History of Functional Disorder. UNC Center for Functional GI and Motility Disorder.

Hurst, Carrie S., Baranik, Lisa E., Daniel, Francis. (2012). College Student Stressor: a review of the qualitative Research. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smi.2465/full.

International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder. (2009). Reporter’s Guide to Functional Gastointestinal Disorders. Milwaukee: Medronic Foundation.

Lee, Y.E., Mun M.S., Lee, S.H., Cho H.S.M. (2011). Perceived stress and gastrointestinal symptoms in nursing student in Korea: A cross-sectional survey. 10 (22). 1-8.

Miwa, H. (2012). Life Style Persons with Functinal Gatrointestinal Disorders-Large-Scale Internet Survey of Lifesyle in Japan. Neurogastronterol Motil 24, 464-e217.

Nursalam. (2014). Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan: Pendekatan Praktis Edisi 3. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

Psychology Foundation Of Australia. (2010). Depression Anxiety Sress Scale.

Http://Www2.Psy.Unsw.Edu.Au/Group/Dass.

Smeltzer, Suzanne C. (2008). Buku Ajar keperawatan Medikal Bedah Brunner & Suddart. Editor oleh Suzanne C. Smeltzer, Brenda G, Bare, jakarta: EGC.

Smith, G.D., Watson, Roger. (2005). Gastrointestinal Nursing. USA: Blackweel Publishing.

Stuart, G.W & Laraia, M.T (2005). Psychiatric nursing : Principle and practice 8th Edition. St. Louis : Mosby.

Suarez K, Mayer C, Ehlert U, Nater UM: Psychological stress and selfreported functional gastrointestinal disorders. J Nerv Ment Dis 2010, 198:226-9.

Sukmawati, Astri. (2015). Hubungan antara Kecerdasan dengan Tingkat Stres Mahasiswa FIK UI (Skripsi). Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Jawa Barat.

Suzanne & Brenda. (2008). Text book of medical surgical nursing 11th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Stock C, Kucuk N, Miseviciene I, Guillen-Grima F, Petkeviciene J, Aguinaga- Ontoso I, Kramer A. (2003). Differences in health complaints among university students from three European countries. Prev Med 2003, 37:535-43.

Wilks, S.E. (2008). Resilience amid academic stress: The moderating impact of social support among social work student: advances in social work, 9 (2), 106-125. https://journals.iupui.edu/indeks.php/advancesinsocialwork/article/viewFile/51/195




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.6.2.2018.121-127

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Flag Counter

View My Stats

 

P-ISSN 2338-2090

E-ISSN 2655-8106

Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan | Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Gedung NRC Lantai Dasar Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang

Email: jurkep.jiwa@gmail.com

Hp: 089667888978

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.