Psychological Description of Students in the Learning Process During Pandemic Covid-19

Uswatun Hasanah(1*), Ludiana Ludiana(2), Immawati Immawati(3), Livana PH(4)


(1) Akademi Keperawatan Dharma Wacana Metro
(2) Akademi Keperawatan Dharma Wacana Metro
(3) Akademi Keperawatan Dharma Wacana Metro
(4) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Kendal
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


College students are vulnerable to experiencing psychosocial problems. Psychological stressors cause changes in a person's life so they are forced to adapt or cope with stressors that arise. . Changes in learning methods become one of the triggers for psychological changes, one of which is anxiety. Anxiety affects student learning outcomes, because it tends to produce confusion and distortion of perception. Prolonged anxiety that occurs continuously can cause stress that interferes with daily activities. If not resolved can lead to more serious psychological problems such as depression. Student anxiety, stress and depression are further enhanced by the existence of the Covid-19 pandemic with online learning methods. The study aims to determine the level of student anxiety in the learning process during the Covid-19 pandemic. This research is a quantitative research with a descriptive analytic approach. The research sample was 190 college students, the study was conducted in May 2020 on the students of Akper Dharma Wacana. . The sampling technique used is total sampling.The research instrument used the DASS-21 questionnaire. Data were analyzed univariately with a frequency distribution. The results of the study found that the majority of psychological problems experienced by student in the online learning process are anxiety, A total of 79 students experienced mild anxiety, 23 students experienced mild stress and 7 experienced mild depression.


Keywords


anxiety; college student; depression; stress

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdulghani HM. (2008). Stress and depression among medical students: a cross sectional study at Medical College in Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal Medical Science. 2008; (24): 12-7.

Agustin, I. M., Hidayatullah, F., Aminoto, C., & Tau, K. (2018). Faktor Eksternal Tingkat Stres Mahasiswa Keperawatan dalam Adaptasi Proses Pembelajaran. 172–181.

Al Ghobain M, Aldrees T, Alenezi A, Alqaryan S, Aldabeeb D, Alotaibi N, et al. (2017). Perception and Attitude of Emergency Room Resident Physicians toward Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Outbreak. Emergency medicine international. 2017;2017:6978256. Epub 2017/05/11. doi: 10.1155/2017/6978256. PubMed PMID: 28487774; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC5402244.

Al Saadi T, Zaher Addeen S, Turk T, Abbas F, Alkhatib M. (2017). Psychological distress among medical students in conflicts: a cross-sectional study from Syria. BMC medical education. 2017;17(1):173. Epub 2017/09/22. doi: 10.1186/s12909-017-1012-2. PubMed PMID: 28931387; pubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC5607487.

Al-Dabal BK, Koura MR, Rasheed P, AlSowielem L, Makki SM. (2010). A comparative study of perceived stress among female medical and non-medical university students in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. SQU Medical Journal. 2010; (10): 231-40.

Bingku, T.A., Bidjuni, H., dan Wowiling, F. (2014). Perbedaan Tingkat Stres Mahasiswa Reguler Dengan Mahasiswa Ekstensi Dalam Proses Belajar Di Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Unsrat Manado. Skripsi Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia (PPNI) Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado, Manado.

Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The psychological impact of the Covid-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 112934.

Charismiadji, Indra. (2020). Mengelola Pembelajaran Daring yang Efektif. Diunduh dari https://news.detik.com/kolom/d-4960969/mengelola-pembelajaran-daring-yang-efektif

Goff, A., M. (2011). Stressor. Academic Performance, and Learned Resourcefullness In Baccalaureate Nursing Student. International Journal Of Nursing Education Scholarship, 8. pp. 923-1548.

Goulia P, Mantas C, Dimitroula D, Mantis D, Hyphantis T. (2010). General hospital staff worries, perceived sufficiency of information and associated psychological distress during the A/H1N1 influenza pandemic. BMC infectious diseases. 2010;10:322. Epub 2010/11/11. doi: 10.1186/1471-387 2334-10-322. PubMed PMID: 21062471; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC2990753.

Kim S, Kim S. (2018).Exploring the Determinants of Perceived Risk of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in Korea. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2018;15(6). Epub 2018/06/06. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061168. PubMed PMID: 29867054; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC6025578.

Livana, P. H., Mubin, M. F., & Basthomi, Y. (2020). " Learning Task" Attributable to Students' Stress During the Pandemic Covid-19. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, 3(2), 203-208. http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jikj.v3i2.590

Maia, Berta Rodrigues And Dias, Paulo César. Anxiety, depression and stress in university students: the impact of COVID-19. Estud. psicol. (Campinas) [online]. (2020). vol.37, e200067. Epub May 18, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1982-0275202037e200067.

Moffat KJ, McConnachiel A, Ross S, Morrison JM. (2004). First year medical student stress and coping in a problem-based learning medical curriculum. Medical Education. 2004; (38): 482-91.

Nasir, Abdul., Abdul Muhith. (2011). Dasar-Dasar Keperawatan Jiwa: Pengantar Dan Teori. Jakarta: Salemba medika.

Oktaria, D., Sari, M. I., Azmy, N. A. (2019). Perbedaan Tingkat Stres pada Mahasiswa Tahap Profesi yang Menjalani Stase Minor dengan Tugas Tambahan Jaga dan Tidak Jaga di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung Difference in Stress Levels between Medical Students in Clinical Phase at The Minor Department Who Had The Night Shift and Had Not the Night Shift at the Medical Faculty of Lampung University. 3, 112–116.

Paul, M. (2011). Universities miss chance to identify depressed students. Northwestern. Diunduh dari http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2011/01/depression-university-tudents.html.

Purwati, S. (2012). Tingkat Stres Akademik Pada Mahasiswa Reguler Angkatan 2010 Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Indonesia. Skripsi. Depok: Universitas Indonesia.

Rasmun. Stres, koping dan adaptasi. (2004). Jakarta: SagungSeto.

Saddik, Basema & Hussein, Amal & Sharif-Askari, Fatemeh & Kheder, Waad & Temsah, Mohamad-Hani & Koutaich, Rim & Haddad, Enad & Al-Roub, Nora & Marhoon, Fatema & Hamid, Qutayba & Halwani, Rabih. (2020). Increased levels of anxiety among medical and non-medical university students during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Arab Emirates.. 10.1101/2020.05.10.20096933.

Setyonegoro, R.K. (1991). Anxietas dan Depresi suatu Tinjauan Umum tentang Diagnostik dan Terapi dala, Depresi: Beberapa Pandangan Teori dan Implikasi Praktek di Bidang Kesehatan Jiwa. Jakarta.

Sharif S, Kamil EA, Mansour A. (2007). Stres and coping strategies among medical students in Basrah. Medical Journal of Basrah University. 2007: (25); 28-32.

Simbolon, I. (2015). Gejala Stres Akademis Mahasiswa Keperawatan Akibat Sistem Belajar Blok Di Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan X Bandung. Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan. Vol. 1 No. 1. Januari-Juni 2015.

Trivate T, Dennis AA, Sholl S, Wilkinson T. (2019). Learning and coping through reflection: exploring patient death experiences of medical students. BMC medical education. 2019;19(1):451. Epub 2019/12/06. doi: 10.1186/s12909-019-1871-9. PubMed PMID: 31801494; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC6894273. 375.

Yusof MS, Rahim AF. (2010). The medical student stressor questionnaire (MSSQ) manual. Kelantan: KKMED.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 5764 times
PDF - 836 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.8.3.2020.299-306

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




View My Stats

PPNI Univ. Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: jurkep.jiwa@gmail.com

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.