The Mental Health Education Needed Child Violent Victims with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Sumatera Barat

Febri Tri Andini, Yulastri Arif, Feri Fernandes

Abstract


Victims of violence such as children who experience psychic trauma when not properly handled can experience Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a result of disasters or calamities such as accidents, natural disasters, war or violence that cause disruptions such as anxiety and impaired self-integrity. There are several factors that cause a person to experience PTSD, one of which is a factor associated with traumatic events. This research aims to know the education of mental health needed by children of violence with PTSD. The design of this research uses a type of quantitative research that is descriptive. The location of this research is six regencies/cities in West Sumatra province, namely Padang City, Agam Regency, Solok Regency, Solok City, Pariaman Regency and District 50 Kota. The sample samples amounted to 106 students taken using the Multistage Sampling technique. The measuring instrument used is a violent questionnaire, Mini ICD10 Questionnaire, DSM V questionnaire and questionnaire to determine the mental health education that children need with PTSD. Data analysis using the SPSS application and research results in the form of frequency distribution.The results of this study were 34.9% of children's violent victims with PTSD chose positive thinking education as a form of education needed..


Keywords


children; mental health education; post traumatic stress disorder

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amalia, E., Mahardika, A., & Kusdaryono, S. (2020). Edukasi dan pelayanan kesehatan jiwa di RS Prof. Mulyanto Universitas Mataram. Jurnal Pengabdian Magister Pendidikan IPA, 2(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.29303/jpmpi.v2i1.360

Anam, C. Sholichah, M., & Kushartati, S. (2018). Intervensi psikososial untuk menurunkan ptsd dan meningkatkan resiliensi warga penyintas bencana tanah longsor di Banjarnegara. Psikoislamedia Jurnal Psikologi : Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.22373/Psikoislamedia.V3i1.5, Volume 3 N(1), 61.

Ashofa, N. H. (2013). Terapi realitas untuk menurunkan ptsd pada korban bullying di balai perlindungan dan reganilitas sosial wanita. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Bäuml, J., Froböse, T., Kraemer, S., Rentrop, M., & Pitschel-Walz, G. (2006). Psychoeducation: A basic psychotherapeutic intervention for patients with schizophrenia and their families. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 32(SUPPL.1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbl017

Dhamayanti, M., Rachmawati, A. D., Arisanti, N., Setiawati, E. P., Rusmi, V. K., & Sekarwana, N. (2018). Validitas dan reliabilitas kuesioner skrining kekerasan terhadap anak “ICAST-C” versi Bahasa Indonesia. Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran, 5(3), 281–289. https://doi.org/10.24198/jkp.v5i3.650

Ehlers, A., & Clark, D. M. (2008). Posttraumatic stress disorder: The development of effective psychological treatments Psychological treatments of PTSD Europe PMC Funders Group. Nord J Psychiatry, 62(Suppl 47), 11–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/08039480802315608

Firdawati, R. S. (2017). Post-traumatic stress disorder among the adolescents reside in Padang ’ s prone earthquake area in West Sumatera , Indonesia. Health, 9, 1301–1312. https://doi.org/10.4236/health.2017.99094

Fisher, M. E. (2008). The use of psychoeducation in the treatment of PTSD with military personnel and their family members : an exploratory study from a clinician’ s perspective. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.smith.edu/theses/1231

Hatta, K. (2015). Peran orangtua dalam proses pemulihan trauma anak. Gender Equality: Internasional Journal of Child and Gender Studies, 1(2), 57–74.

J., Guo, M., Huang, P., Yang, Y., Jiang, X., & Cen, W. (2019). Correlation between serotonin transporter promoter gene polymorphism and ptsd in children. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10(05), 336–344. https://doi.org/10.4236/ijcm.2019.105026

Maryam, S. (2017). Gambaran pendapatan orang tua dan kekerasan pada anak dalam keluarga di Gampong Geulanggang Teungoh Kecamatan Kota Juang Kabupaten Bireuen. Psikodimensia, 16(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.24167/psiko.v16i1.902

Schiraldi, G. R. (2009). Post-traumatic stress disorder. In International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (Second Edi, Vol. 3). New York: Mc Graw Hill.

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif Dan R&D. Bandung: Cv. Alfabeta.

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, Dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta, Cv.

Valente, S. (2010). Evaluating and managing adult PTSD in Primary Care. The Nurse Practioner, 35(11), 41–47. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NPR.0000388940.54617.99

Zahirah, U., Nurwati, N., & Krisnani, H. (2019). Dampak dan penanganan kekerasan seksual anak di keluarga. Prosiding Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 6(1), 10. https://doi.org/10.24198/jppm.v6i1.21793


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 137 times
PDF - 18 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.8.4.2020.469-476

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

View My Stats

Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences | University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287

Fax: 02476740287
Email: jurkep.jiwa@gmail.com

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.