Efficacy of Brain Gym on the Cognitive Function Improvement of People with Dementia

Fery Agusman Motuho Mendrofa, Dwi Indah Iswanti, Umi Hani

Abstract


Dementia is a neurodegenerative syndrome caused by a chronic and progressive disorder accompanied by decreased brain function that affects emotions, memory, decision making, behavior and other brain functions that interfere with daily activities. This study aimed to determine differences in cognitive function in elderly dementia before and after brain exercise. This was a quasi-experimental research with one group pre and post-test design conducted in June 2020. The population was residents in some nursing homes in Semarang City. Samples who were willing to participate in research, 60-80 years old, and had Clock Drawing Test score in more than 2 were included for this study. The sample in this study was 63 older adults who were selected using a purposive sampling technique. The respondents enrolled in brain gym eight times each morning for 10-15 minutes in 2 weeks. Due to the pandemic, these interventions assisted by facilitators and adhered to health protocols in every interaction. The cognitive function obtained from the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire for pre and post-test. Univariate analysis described cognitive function in the elderly before and after brain exercise. The normality test using Shapiro Wilk showed that the data were normally distributed so that the dependent T-test was carried out to determine the effectiveness of brain exercise therapy on cognitive function in elderly dementia. The mean cognitive function before brain exercise was 6.6, and after brain exercise, it was 8.8. There was a significant difference between cognitive function before and after brain exercise (p-value <o.o5). Brain exercise affects improving cognitive function in older adults with dementia.


Keywords


brain gym; cognitive; dementia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alzheimer’s Indonesia. (2019). Statistics of Dementia. https://alzi.or.id/statistik-tentang-demensia/

Amtonis, I., & Fata, U. H. (2014). The Effect of Brain Gym to the Improvement of Cognitive Function. Jurnal Ners Dan Kebidanan (Journal of Ners and Midwifery), 1(2), 087–092. https://doi.org/10.26699/jnk.v1i2.art.p087-092

Ardian, I., & Nuraini, N. (2018). The Effectiveness of Brain Gym and Brain Vitalization Gym in Increasing Cognitive Function of The Elderly in Pucang Gading Social Rehabilitation Unit of Semarang. NurseLine Journal; Vol 3 No 1 (2018): Mei 2018DO - 10.19184/Nlj.V3i1.7001. https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/NLJ/article/view/7001

Azizah, L., Martiana, T., & Soedirham, O. (2017). The Improvement of Cognitive Function and Decrease the Level of Stress in the Elderly with Brain Gym. International Journal Of Nursing And Midwifery Science (IJNMS), 1(1 SE-Articles). https://doi.org/10.29082/IJNMS/2017/Vol1/Iss1/33

Ball, K., Berch, D. B., Helmers, K. F., Jobe, J. B., Leveck, M. D., Marsiske, M., Morris, J. N., Rebok, G. W., Smith, D. M., Tennstedt, S. L., Unverzagt, F. W., Willis, S. L., & Group, for the A. S. (2002). Effects of Cognitive Training Interventions With Older AdultsA Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA, 288(18), 2271–2281. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.288.18.2271

Cancela, J. M., Casal, Á., Sánchez-Lastra, M. A., & Ayán, C. (2020). Brain Gym exercises versus standard exercises for institutionalised older people with cognitive impairment: a randomised controlled study. Asian Journal of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 15(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.12809/ajgg-2019-383-oa

Cheung, D. S. K., Lai, C. K. Y., Wong, F. K. Y., & Leung, M. C. P. (2018). The effects of the music-with-movement intervention on the cognitive functions of people with moderate dementia: a randomized controlled trial. Aging & Mental Health, 22(3), 306–315. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2016.1251571

Dewi, S. R. (2016). Pengaruh Senam Otak Dan Bermain Puzzle terhadap Fungsi Kognitif Lansia di PLTU Jember. Jurnal Kesehatan Primer, 1(1 SE-Articles). https://doi.org/10.5281/jkp.v1i1.69

Djajasaputra, A. D. R., & Halim, M. S. (2019). Fungsi Kognitif Lansia yang Beraktivitas Kognitif secara Rutin dan Tidak Rutin. Jurnal Psikologi, 46(2), 85. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpsi.33192

Engeroff, T., Ingmann, T., & Banzer, W. (2018). Physical Activity Throughout the Adult Life Span and Domain-Specific Cognitive Function in Old Age: A Systematic Review of Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Data. Sports Medicine, 48(6), 1405–1436. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0920-6

Erwanto, R., & Kurniasih, D. E. (2018). Perbedaan Efektifitas Art therapy dan Brain gym terhadap Fungsi Kognitif dan Intelektual pada Lansia Demensia di BPSTW Yogyakarta. Strada Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 7(2), 34–41. https://doi.org/10.30994/sjik.v7i2.165

Herawati, N. (2014). Pengaruh Senam Lansia Terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan Lansia Di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Sabai Nan Aluih Sicincin Kabupaten Padang Pariaman. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa ., Volume 2, 81–87. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.2.2.2014.81-87

Hukmiyah, A. N., Bachtiar, F., Leksonowati, S. S., Keperawatan, F., Studi, P., Universitas, F., Fisioterapi, J., & Kemenkes, P. (2019). Pemberian Brain Gym Exercise Dapat Meningkatkan Fungsi Kognitif Pada Lanjut Usia. Jurnal Vokasi Indonesia, 7(2), 11–18. https://doi.org/10.7454/jvi.v7i2.148

Jing, W., Willis, R., & Feng, Z. (2016). Factors influencing quality of life of elderly people with dementia and care implications: A systematic review. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 66, 23–41.

Lowrani, M., Indarwati, R., & Lestari, P. (2020). Systematic Review Non-pharmacological Therapy for the Elderly to Prevent Dementia through Cognitive Stimulation Therapy : A Systematic Review. 15(2), 221–229. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v15i2.19018 This

Mendrofa, F. A. M., Hani, U., Iswanti, D. I., & Semarang, K. H. (2020). Environmental Management to Control Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Elderly with Dementia. 0200(April), 9–21. https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ijphs/article/view/225812/164578

Mendrofa, F. A. M., Hani, U., Putri, A. A., & Aeni, M. (2020). Natural light therapy to lower agitation and sleep disturbance of dementia patients in semarang. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(7), 7752–7759. https://doi.org/10.37200/IJPR/V24I7/PR270746

Prince M, Wimo A, Guerchet M, A. D. I. (2015). World Alzheimer Report 2015: The Global Impact of Dementia | Alzheimer’s Disease International. World Alzheimer Report 2013, 1–87.

Prince, M., Comas-Herrera, A., Knapp, M., Guerchet, M., & Karagiannidou, M. (2016). World Alzheimer Report 2016 Improving healthcare for people living with dementia. Coverage, Quality and costs now and in the future. Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI), 1–140. https://www.alz.co.uk/research/world-report-2016

Soni, S., Kumar, P., Verma, V. S., & Sharma, M. (2014). Significance of Indian Medicinal Plants used for Treatment of Dementia. Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 4(4), 202–205.

Suhari, Astuti, A., Rahmawati, P. M., & Musviro. (2019). Brain Gym Improves Cognitive Function for Elderly with Dementia. Jurnal Ners, 5(031), 79–86. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3365503

Yuliati, Y., Hidaayah, N., & Hidaayah, N. (2018). Pengaruh Senam Otak (Brain Gym) terhadap Fungsi Kognitif pada Lansia di RT 03 RW 01 Kelurahan Tandes Surabaya. Journal of Health Sciences, 10(1 SE-). https://doi.org/10.33086/jhs.v10i1.149


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 113 times
PDF - 9 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.8.4.2020.557-564

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




View My Stats

PPNI Univ. Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: jurkep.jiwa@gmail.com

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.