Faktor Risiko Angka Kejadian Depresi dan Kecemasan pada Caregiver Anak dengan Disabilitas Intelektual

Alfadea Irbah Allizaputri(1*), Bintang Arroyantri Prananjaya(2), Puji Rizki Suryani(3)


(1) Program Studi S1 Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Sriwijaya
(2) Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Sriwijaya
(3) Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Sriwijaya
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Caregiver anak dengan disabilitas intelektual memiliki stressor yang lebih banyak dan berisiko mengalami terjadinya gangguan psikologi yang lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan anak normal. Gangguan psikologi yang paling banyak terjadi pada caregiver diantaranya adalah depresi dan cemas. Gangguan psikologis tersebut disebabkan oleh banyak faktor. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh faktor risiko terhadap angka kejadian depresi dan cemas pada caregiver anak dengan disabilitas intelektual di SLB-B Negeri Pembina Palembang. Penelitian dilakukan dengan desain studi analitik observasional dilakukan pada 89 orang caregiver anak dengan disabilitas intelektual menggunakan desain studi potong lintang. Depresi dan cemas diukur menggunakan kuesioner Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS). Hasil pengumpulan data dianalisis dengan uji Mann-Whitney dan Kruskal-Wallis.  Terdapat 89 orang caregiver anak dengan disabilitas intelektual di SLB-B Negeri Pembina Palembang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebanyak 24 orang (27%) caregiver mengalami depresi ringan hingga sangat berat dan 42 orang (47,2%) caregiver mengalami cemas ringan hingga sangat berat. Jenis kelamin, status sosioekonomi, derajat disabilitas intelektual anak dan penyakit komorbiditas pada anak merupakan faktor yang memiliki pengaruh yang bermakna secara statistik terhadap depresi dan cemas (p<0,05). Dapat disimpulkan beberapa faktor risiko seperti jenis kelamin, status sosioekonomi, derajat disabilitas intelektual anak dan penyakit komorbiditas pada anak memiliki pengaruh terhadap kejadian depresi dan cemas pada caregiver anak dengan disabilitas intelektual.


Keywords


anak dengan disabilitas intelektual; caregiver; cemas; depresi; faktor risiko

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.10.1.2022.163-172

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