Kecemasan Masyarakat akan Vaksinasi Covid-19

Kirana Eka Puteri(1), Kris Wiranti(2), Yosef Syukurman Ziliwu(3), Maria Elvita(4), Debora Yuliana Frare(5), Rotua Sari Purdani(6), Susanti Niman(7*)


(1) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Santo Borromeus
(2) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Santo Borromeus
(3) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Santo Borromeus
(4) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Santo Borromeus
(5) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Santo Borromeus
(6) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Santo Borromeus
(7) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Santo Borromeus
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Adanya rencana Vaksin COVID-19 oleh pemerintah pada seluruh penduduk Indonesia menimbulkan beragam  tanggapan di masyarakat. Banyaknya pemberitahuan yang berasal dari banyak sumber dapat mempengaruhi persepsi masyarakat terhadap vaksin. Persepsi  negatif terhadap vaksin yang dialami  masyarakat dapat memicu terjadinya kecemasan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan gambaran kecemasan terhadap vaksin Covid-19 pada masyarakat. Penelitian dilakukan secara kuantitatif  dengan  desain  survey crosssectional. Survey online dengan teknik snowball sampling dilakukan melalui whatsApp pada masyarakat  yang berusia minimal 18 tahun selama dua minggu.Sampel yang terkumpul secara lengkap berjumlah 399 responden. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis menggunakan uji Chi Square.  Hasil penelitian 81.2 % reponden bersedia divaksin , 48.1 %  responden mengalami kecemasan terhadap vaksin. Hasil analisis menyatakan kesediaan dilakukan vaksinasi mempunyai kaitan dengan  kecemasan (P value <0.001).


Keywords


kecemasan; masyarakat; vaksin Covid-19

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahdiany, Gina Nur, (2017). Tingkat Kecemasan Terhadap Kematian Pada ODHA. JurnalKeperawatan Soedirman volume 13 No. 3

Akarsu, B., Canbay Özdemir, D., Ayhan Baser, D., Aksoy, H., Fidancı, İ., & Cankurtaran, M. (2021). While studies on COVID-19 vaccine is ongoing, the public's thoughts and attitudes to the future COVID-19 vaccine. International journal of clinical practice, 75(4), e13891. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.13891

Alsan, M., Stantcheva, S., Yang, D., & Cutler, D. (2020). Disparities in Coronavirus 2019 Reported Incidence, Knowledge, and Behavior Among US Adults. JAMA network open, 3(6), e2012403. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12403

Bendau, A., Plag, J., Petzold, M. B., & Ströhle, A. (2021). COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and related fears and anxiety. International immunopharmacology, 97, 107724. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2021.107724

Bertin, P., Nera, K., & Delouvée, S. (2020). Conspiracy Beliefs, Rejection of Vaccination, andSupport for hydroxychloroquine: A Conceptual Replication-Extension in the COVID-19Pandemic Context. Frontiers in Psychology, 18 September 2020 |https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.565128

Bhattacharya M, Sharma AR, Patra P, et al. Development of epitope- based peptide vaccineagainst novel coronavirus 2019 (SARS-COV- 2): immunoinformatics approach. J MedVirol. 2020;92(6):618–631. doi:10.1002/jmv.257368.

Chace Dwyer, S., Jain, A., Ishaku, S. M., Okunade, F. T., Uzomba, C., Adebayo, A., & Tobey, E. (2019). The effect of job aids on knowledge retention among Patent and Proprietary Medicine Vendors trained to administer injectable contraceptives: longitudinal results from implementation science in Nigeria. BMC public health, 19(1), 1362. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7668-2

Chakraborty C, Sharma AR, Sharma G, Bhattacharya M, Saha RP, Lee -S-S (2020). Extensivepartnership, collaboration, and teamwork is required to stop the COVID-19 outbreakArch Med Res. 2020;51 (7):728–730. doi:10.1016/j.arcmed.2020.05.0215 .

Christina, E. (2020). Pandemi Covid-19 Adalah 666?. Logia: Jurnal Teologi Pentakosta, 1(2),122.

Dong Y, Mo X, Hu Y, et al. (2020). Epidemiology of Covid-19 Among Children in China.American Academy of pediatrics, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2020-0702.

Elbay, R. Y., Kurtulmuş, A., Arpacıoğlu, S., & Karadere, E. (2020). Depression, anxiety, stress levels of physicians and associated factors in Covid-19 pandemics. Psychiatry research, 290, 113130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113130

Ferdous, M. Z., Islam, M. S., Sikder, M. T., Mosaddek, A., Zegarra-Valdivia, J. A., & Gozal, D. (2020). Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 outbreak in Bangladesh: An online-based cross-sectional study. PloS one, 15(10), e0239254. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239254

Freeman, D., Waite, F., Rosebrock, L., Petit, A., Causier, C., East, A., … Lambe, S. (2020).Coronavirus Conspiracy Beliefs, Mistrust, and Compliance with Government Guidelinesin England.Psychological Medicine.https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720001890.

Guzzo, K. B., & Hayford, S. R. (2018). Adolescent Reproductive and Contraceptive Knowledge and Attitudes and Adult Contraceptive Behavior. Maternal and child health journal, 22(1), 32–40. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-017-2351-7

Habersaat KB, Jackson C. (2020). Understanding vaccine acceptance and demand – and ways to increasethem.BundesgesundheitsblattGesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2020;63(1):32 39. doi:10.1007/s00103-019-03063-011.

Halpin C, Reid B (2019). Attitudes and beliefs of healthcare workers about influenza vaccination.NursOlder People. 2019;31(2):32–39. doi:10.7748/nop.2019.e1154.

Hornsey, M. J., Harris, E. A., & Fielding, K. S. (2018). The psychological roots of antivaccination attitudes: A 24-nation investigation. Health Psychology, 37(4), 307–315.https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000586.

Ichsan,D.S., Hafid, F.,Ramadhan, K.,Taqwin. (2021). Determinan kesediaan masyarakat menerima vaksinasi Covid 19 di Sulawesi Tengah. Poltekita : Jurnal ilmu kesehatan vol 15 no 1Mei 2021

Lin, Y., Hu, Z., Alias, H., & Wong, L. P. (2020). Knowledge, Attitudes, Impact, and Anxiety Regarding COVID-19 Infection Among the Public in China. Frontiers in public health, 8, 236. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00236

Liu, M., Zhang, H., & Huang, H. (2020). Media exposure to COVID-19 information, risk perception, social and geographical proximity, and self-rated anxiety in China. BMC public health, 20(1), 1649. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09761-8

Karlsson, l.C., Lewandowsky, S., Antfolk, J., Salo, P., Lindfelt, M., Oksanen, T., … Soveri, A.(2019). The association between vaccination confidence, vaccination behavior, andwillingness to recommend vaccines among Finnish healthcare workers. PLoS ONE14(10): e0224330. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224330.

Lazarus, J. V., Ratzan, S. C., Palayew, A., Gostin, L. O., Larson, H. J., Rabin, K., Kimball, S., & El-Mohandes, A. (2021). A global survey of potential acceptance of a COVID-19 vaccine. Nature medicine, 27(2), 225–228. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-1124-9

Moccia, G., Carpinelli, L., Savarese, G., Borrelli, A., Boccia, G., Motta, O., Capunzo, M., & De Caro, F. (2021). Perception of Health, Mistrust, Anxiety, and Indecision in a Group of Italians Vaccinated against COVID-19. Vaccines, 9(6), 612. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060612

Olaimat, A. N., Aolymat, I., Shahbaz, H. M., & Holley, R. A. (2020). Knowledge and Information Sources About COVID-19 Among University Students in Jordan: A Cross-Sectional Study. Frontiers in public health, 8, 254. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00254

Ren L-L, Wang Y-M, Wu Z-Q, Xiang Z-C, Guo L, Xu T, et al. (2020). Identification of a novelcoronavirus causing severe pneumonia in human: a descriptive study. Chin Med J. 2020;published online February 11. DOI:10.1097/CM9.0000000000000722

SAGE Working Group on Vaccine Hesitancyhttps://www.who.int/immunization/sage/meetings/2014/october/1_Report_WORKINGGROUP_vaccine_hesitancy_final.pdf.

Sallam, M., Dababseh, D., Yaseen, A., Al-Haidar, A., Ababneh, N. A., Bakri, F. G., & Mahafzah, A. (2020). Conspiracy Beliefs Are Associated with Lower Knowledge and Higher Anxiety Levels Regarding COVID-19 among Students at the University of Jordan. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(14), 4915. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144915

WHO, 26 March (2020). Critical preparedness Readliness and Response Actions for Covid-19., Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Advice for the Public, (2020).

Xiao X, Wong RM (2020) Vaccine hesitancy and perceived behavioral control: a meta-analysis.Vaccine. 2020;38(33):5131–5138. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.04.07614.

Zulva, T. N. I. (2020). Covid-19 dan Kecenderungan psikosomatis. J. Chem. Inf. Model, 1-4.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 4374 times
PDF - 1127 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.9.3.2021.539-548

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

PPNI Univ. Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: jurkep.jiwa@gmail.com

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.