Perbedaan Jenis Kelamin dalam Menghadapi Ketakutan dan Kecemasan Covid-19

Sri Sayekti Heni Sunaryanti(1*), Dewi Arradini(2), Aris Widiyanto(3), Ika Yuli Ayuningrum(4), Joko Tri Atmojo(5)


(1) STIKES Mamba ul Ulum Surakarta
(2) STIKES Mitra Husada Karanganyar
(3) STIKES Mamba ul Ulum Surakarta
(4) Magister Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Sebelas Maret
(5) STIKES Mamba ul Ulum Surakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Salah satu sifat khas penyakit menular dibandingkan dengan kondisi lain adalah timbulnya rasa takut. Ketakutan dan kecemasan telah menjadi salah satu emosi yang paling sering dikaitkan dengan pandemi termasuk pendemi COVID-19. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah tinjauan secara sistematis perbedaan jenis kelamin dalam menghadapi ketakutan dan kecemasan selama pandemi COVID-19. Kajian sistematis dilakukan dengan mengumpulkan naskah penelitian dari basis data jurnal seperti Pubmed, Google Scholar, Researchgate, Preprints, dan lain-lain. Pencarian basis data dilakukan 2020–2021. Populasi= populasi umum, Intervensi= Perempuan, Comparison= laki-laki, dan Outcome= Ketakutan COVID-19 dan kecemasan COVID-19. Kata kunci pencarian artikel menggunakan “fear to COVID-19”, “FCVs and gender”, “gender and fear of COVID-19”, “gender and anxiety in COVID-19”. Kriteria inklusi, ketakutan COVID-19 diukur dengan Fear of C0VID-19 scales (FCVs), kecemasan COVID-19 diukur dengan Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Rata-rata skor ketakutan COVID-19 dan kecemasan COVID-19 lebih tinggi pada perempuan daripada laki-laki. 7 penelitian observasional menunjukkan bahwa jenis kelamin memiliki pengaruh terhadap ketakutan COVID-19. Perempuan lebih berisiko mengalami kecemasan dan ketakutan COVID-19. Perempuan lebih rentan mengalami kecemasan COVID-19 dan ketakutan COVID-19 dibandingkan laki-laki.


Keywords


covid-19; jenis kelamin; kecemasan covid-19; ketakutan covid-19

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.9.4.2021.753-770

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