Faktor-Faktor yang Berkonstribusi terhadap Stigma Dimasa Pandemi Covid-19

Naedi Naedi(1*), Novy Helena Chatarina Daulima(2), Giur Hargiana(3)


(1) Magister Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan, Universitas Indonesia
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Jiwa, Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan, Universitas Indonesia
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Jiwa, Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan, Universitas Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Pandemi Covid-19 yang melanda berbagai negara di dunia termasuk Indonesia merupakan masalah kesehatan global. Situasi pandemi yang masih berlangsung dan belum dapat diprediksi secara pasti kapan akan berakhir banyak menimbulkan berbagai dampak dalam kehidupan sosial masyarakat.  Salah satu dampak yang masih sering dirasakan adalah stigma pada orang-orang yang terkonfirmasi Covid-19. Penulis melakukan kajian literatur dengan pendekatan sederhana terhadap 11 artikel tentang stigma pada penderita Covid-19 dalam periode 2019-2021. Kata kunci yang digunakan dalam penelusuran artikel yaitu “stigma in Covid-19”, “causes of stigma”, “stigma factor in Covid-19”. dengan kriteria inklusi artikel tentang faktor penyebab terjadinya stigma pada penderita Covid-19. Adapun tujuan dari penulisan ini untuk mendapatkan gambaran tentang faktor yang dapat menyebabkan terjadinya stigma terhadap orang yang terkonfirmasi Covid-19. Hasil yang didapatkan adalah tingkat pengetahuan dapat mempengaruhi persepsi, dan penyebaran informasi yang tidak kredibel memicu munculnya stigmatisasi. Tindakan pencegahan stigma terhadap orang yang terkonfirmasi Covid-19 dapat dilakukan melalui pemberian edukasi berupa penyampaian informasi secara benar dan tidak menyebarkan berita bohong atau hoax, serta pemberian dukungan penguatan mental yang dapat dilakukan oleh sesama anggota keluarga.  


Keywords


covid-19; pandemic; stigma

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.9.4.2021.893-900

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