Efektifitas Family Based Diabetes Self-Management Education terhadap Self-Care dan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Mellitus

Sri Yuliana(1*), Junaidin Junaidin(2)


(1) STIKES Yahya Bima
(2) STIKES Yahya Bima
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Manajemen diabetes mellitus menjadi sangat krusial di lakukan mengingat banyak komplikasi yang akan timbul dari penyakit ini. Family based diabetes self-management merupakan salah satu strategi untuk mengoptimalkan proses pengobatan individu dengan diabetes mellitus. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis efektifitas family based diabetes self-management education terhadap self-care dan kualitas hidup pasien diabetes mellitus di kecamatan parado bima. Rancangan penelitian yang di gunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu quasi experiment dengan desain one group pre post experimental design dengan repeated measurement. Populasi dalam penelitian ini yaitu 51 responden tetapi hanya 43 reponden yang berpartisipasi dalam penelitian. Data di kumpulkan melalui POSBINDU PTM dan home visit ke rumah responden. Penelitian ini melakukan pengukuran sebanyak tiga kali yaitu sebelum intervensi, satu minggu setelah intervensi dan dua minggu setelah intervensi. Tekhnik sampling yang di gunakan yaitu purposive sampling dan Analisa data yang di pakai uji annova repeated measurement. Analisa deskriptif didapatkan bahwa penurunan rata-rata total skor kadar glukosa darah, kolesterol dan terdapat peningkatan rata-rata total skor self-care dan kualitas hidup. Hasil uji statistik didapatkan bahwa p value <0,05 pada semua variabel yang berarti family based diabetes self-management education efektif dalam menurunkan kadar glukosa darah (p value<0,000), kolesterol (p value<0,000) dan meningkatkan self-care (p value<0,000) serta kualitas hidup (p value<0,000). family based diabetes self-management education efektif dalam menurunkan kadar glukosa darah, kolesterol dan meningkatkan self-care serta kualitas hidup.


Keywords


family based diabetes self-management education; kolesterol; kualitas hidup; self-care

Full Text:

PDF

References


ADA. (2015). 4. Foundations of care: education, nutrition, physical activity, smoking cessation, psychosocial care, and immunization. Diabetes care, 38(Supplement 1), S20-S30.

Al-Lawati, J. A. (2017). Diabetes Mellitus: A Local and Global Public Health Emergency! Oman medical journal, 32(3), 177-179. doi:10.5001/omj.2017.34

Dalimunthe, D. Y., Nasution, J. D., & Harahap, S. (2020). Pengaruh Diabetes Self Management Education (Dsme) Sebagai Model Keperawatan Berbasis Keluargaterhadap Pengendalian Glukosa Pada Penderitadiabetes Melitus.

DINKES. (2019). Standar Pelayanan Minimal. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten 2019. BIMA, NTB.

DINKES. (2020). Profil kesehatan Provinsi Nusa tenggara barat 2019. Retrieved from

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1lQXQFYjApiMuhte2y0fq2r_h1EMJmFVw/view

Fajriyah, N., Firmanti, T. A., Mufidah, A., & Septiana, N. T. (2019). A Diabetes Self-Management Education/Support (DSME/S) Program in Reference to the Biological, Psychological and Social Aspects of a Patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review. Jurnal Ners, 14(3), 55-64.

Gumbs, J. M. (2012). Relationship between diabetes self-management education and self-care behaviors among African American women with type 2 diabetes. Journal of cultural diversity, 19(1).

Hemmati Maslakpak, M., Razmara, S., & Niazkhani, Z. J. J. o. d. r. (2017). Effects of face-to-face and telephone-based family-oriented education on self-care behavior and patient outcomes in type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. 2017.

Irianti, S. R., Wicaksana, A. L., & Pangastuti, H. S. (2021). Validity and Realiability Test of The Indonesian Version for Diabetes Quality of Life-Brief Clinical Inventory. Indian Journal of Public Health, 12(1), 435.

Jannah, N., & Uprianingsih, A. (2020). OPTIMALISASI DIABETES SELF MANAGEMENT EDUCATION (DSME) DENGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN KAKI DIABETES DI KOTA BIMA. Jurnal Ilmiah PANNMED (Pharmacist, Analyst, Nurse, Nutrition, Midwivery, Environment, Dentist), 15(3), 410-414.

Kautzky-Willer, A., Harreiter, J., & Pacini, G. (2016). Sex and gender differences in risk, pathophysiology and complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Endocrine reviews, 37(3), 278-316.

Kurniawati, T., Huriah, T., & Primanda, Y. (2019). Pengaruh Diabetes Self Management Education (DSME) terhadap self management pada pasien diabetes mellitus. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 12(2).

Mayberry, L. S., Rothman, R. L., & Osborn, C. Y. J. J. o. h. c. (2014). Family members' obstructive behaviors appear to be more harmful among adults with type 2 diabetes and limited health literacy. 19(sup2), 132-143.

Moriyama, M., Nakano, M., Kuroe, Y., Nin, K., Niitani, M., & Nakaya, T. (2009). Efficacy of a self‐management education program for people with type 2 diabetes: results of a 12 month trial. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, 6(1), 51-63.

Rahayu, E., Kamaluddin, R., & Sumarwati, M. (2014). Pengaruh Program Diabetes Self Management Education Berbasis Keluarga terhadap Kualitas Hidup Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe II di Wilayah Puskesmas II Baturraden. Jurnal Keperawatan Soedirman, 9(3), 163-172.

Rosyada, A., & Trihandini, I. J. K. J. K. M. N. (2013). Determinan komplikasi kronik diabetes melitus pada lanjut usia. 7(9), 395-402.

Sh, S., Hsu, Y. Y., Toobert, D. J., & Wang, S. T. (2019). The validity and reliability of the summary of diabetes self-care activities questionnaire: an Indonesian version. INDONESIAN NURSING JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND CLINIC (INJEC), 4(1), 25-36.

Sudirman, A. A., & Modjo, D. (2021). Efektifitas Diabetes Self Management Education (DSME) terhadap Kadar Glukosa Darah pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 di Wilayah Puskesmas Limboto Barat. MPPKI (Media Publikasi Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia): The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion, 4(2), 151-156.

Wantiyah, W., & Susanto, T. (2014). Pengaruh Diabetes Self Management Education (DSME) terhadap Resiko Terjadinya Ulkus Diabetik pada Pasien Rawat Jalan dengan Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Tipe 2 di RSD dr. Soebandi Jember (The Influence of Diabetes Self Management Education (DSME) to The Risk. Pustaka Kesehatan, 2(1), 119-124.

WHO. (2020, 2021). The top 10 causes of death. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death

Wichit, N., Mnatzaganian, G., Courtney, M., Schulz, P., & Johnson, M. (2017). Randomized controlled trial of a family-oriented self-management program to improve self-efficacy, glycemic control and quality of life among Thai individuals with Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes research and clinical practice, 123, 37-48.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 55 times
PDF - 15 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.9.4.2021.879-886

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

PPNI Univ. Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: jurkep.jiwa@gmail.com

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.