Factors Influencing Anxiety of Health Workers During Pandemic Covid-19

Sri Mumpuni Yuniarsih(1*), Lutfiana Inda Hapsari(2), Rusdi Rusdi(3)

(1) Universitas Pekalongan
(2) Universitas Pekalongan
(3) Universitas Pekalongan
(*) Corresponding Author


The Corona Virus has become a world health problem in early 2020. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease that has never been previously identified in humans. Health workers who are at the forefront of handling Covid-19 have high psychological disorders, one of which is anxiety. The purpose is to identify the factors that influence anxiety in health workers during the Covid-19 pandemic. The databases used include Google Scholar, PubMed Central and ResearchGate. 528 articles were found based on selected keywords, the number of articles after duplication-checking was 164 articles. Then screening was carried out according to the inclusion criteria (n = 20) and a total of 144 articles were eliminated because they did not match the inclusion criteria. The number of articles following the due diligence test (n = 10) and 10 articles were eliminated because they did not meet the due diligence requirements. Then 10 articles were taken for review. The results showed that the factors that influence anxiety in health workers are gender, age, family status, availability of PPE, knowledge, contact with COVID-19 patients, chronic disease, a physical and psychological workload that threatens the health, cooperation between colleagues, working in an infectious isolation ward. Psychological disorders such as anxiety have long-term impacts and can affect the work efficiency of health workers. If this anxiety is not managed properly, it can affect the performance of health workers in dealing with Covid-19. The most dominant factors affecting anxiety are age, the availability of PPE and concerns about transmission


Healthcare workers; Anxiety; Covid19

Full Text:



WHO. No Title. World Heal Organ 2021:1.

Diinah D, Rahman S. Gambaran Tingkat Kecemasan Perawat Saat Pandemi Covid 19 Di Negara Berkembang Dan Negara Maju: a Literatur Review. Din Kesehat J Kebidanan Dan Keperawatan 2020;11:37–48. https://doi.org/10.33859/dksm.v11i1.555.

Alenazi TH, Bindhim NF, Alenazi MH, Tamim H. Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID- 19 . The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect , the company ’ s public news and information 2020.

Kibret S, Teshome D, Fenta E, Hunie M, Tamire T. Prevalence of anxiety towards COVID-19 and its associated factors among healthcare workers in a Hospital of Ethiopia. PLoS One 2020;15:1–10. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0243022.

Hanggoro AY, Suwarni L, Selviana, Mawardi. Dampak psikologis pandemi COVID-19 pada petugas layanan kesehatan : studi. J Kesehat Masy Indones 2020;15:13–8.

Fadli F, Safruddin S, Ahmad AS, Sumbara S, Baharuddin R. Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kecemasan pada Tenaga Kesehatan Dalam Upaya Pencegahan Covid-19. J Pendidik Keperawatan Indones 2020;6:57–65. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v6i1.24546.

Liu CY, Yang YZ, Zhang XM, Xu X, Dou QL, Zhang WW. The prevalence and influencing factors for anxiety in medical workers fighting COVID-19 in China: A cross-sectional survey. MedRxiv 2020. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.05.20032003.

&NA; Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing. vol. 81. 1981. https://doi.org/10.1097/00000446-198112000-00038.

Shanafelt T, Ripp J, Trockel M. Understanding and Addressing Sources of Anxiety among Health Care Professionals during the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA - J Am Med Assoc 2020;323:2133–4. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.5893.

Huang L, Wang Y, Liu J, Ye P, Chen X, Xu H, et al. Factors influencing anxiety of health care workers in the radiology department with high exposure risk to covid-19. Med Sci Monit 2020;26:1–9. https://doi.org/10.12659/MSM.926008.

Teshome A, Glagn M, Shegaze M, Tekabe B, Getie A, Assefa G, et al. Generalized anxiety disorder and its associated factors among health care workers fighting COVID-19 in southern Ethiopia. Psychol Res Behav Manag 2020;13:907–17. https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S282822.

Bazrafshan M. Factors Influencing Anxiety of Healthcare Workers during the Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease ( COVID-19 ): A Cross- Sectional Study 2021. https://doi.org/10.30476/jhsss.2020.88006.1129.

Yang X, Zhang Y, Li S, Chen X. Risk factors for anxiety of otolaryngology healthcare workers in Hubei province fighting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2021;56:39–45. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-020-01928-3.

A, PeltokoMattila, Elinski J, Neva MH, Kaunonen M, Helminen M, Parkkila AK. COVID-19: anxiety among hospital staff and associated factors. Ann Med 2021;53:237–46. https://doi.org/10.1080/07853890.2020.1862905.

Sudiono J. Sistem Kekebalan Tubuh. Penerbit Buku Kedokt EGC 2014:1–86.

Rahma A, Mas’ud F. Pengaruh penerapan konsep team work dan budaya organisasi terhadap kinerja perawat (Studi pada rumah sakit umum daerah sunan kalijaga kabupaten Demak). Diponegoro J Manag 2016;5:1–11.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 135 times
PDF - 9 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/mki.4.3.2021.218-225


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Sri Mumpuni Yuniarsih, Lutfiana Inda Hapsari, Rusdi Rusdi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:



View My Stats 

University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: mki@unimus.ac.id