Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kepatuhan Minum Obat pada Penderita Hipertensi Usia 45-65 Tahun

Innandah Annisa Lestari(1*), Yunita Dyah Puspita Santik(2)


(1) Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(2) Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Hypertension is a disease that requires long-term therapy, so patient compliance is required in undergoing treatment to control blood pressure and reduce the risk of complications. In 2020, the Gunungpati Health Center experienced an increase of 9,956 cases and the rate of treatment adherence was 1314 patients. Objective: This study aims to determine the factors related to medication adherence in hypertensive patients aged 45-65 years in the Gunung Pati Public Health Center Work Area, Semarang City. Method: analytic observational design with a cross-sectional approach and a quantitative study was conducted by interview. Accidental sampling technique with a sample of 94 respondents. Meanwhile, data analysis was carried out univariate and bivariate using the chi-square test with the help of SPPS version 24.0. Result: There was a relationship between age (p = 0.000), gender (p = 0.025), employment status (p = 0.015), duration of hypertension (p = 0.014), hypertension level (p = 0.025), family support (p = 0.021), the role of health workers (p = 0.029) and motivation to seek treatment (p = 0.029) with adherence to taking hypertension medication aged 45-65 years. There is no relationship between the last education level (p=0.461), health insurance participation (p=0.459), and the affordability of access to health services (p=0.281). Conclusion: Increased progress for BPJS card holders to be more compliant in usage.

Keywords


Risk Factors, Hypertension, Medication Adherence

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkmi.17.2.2022.6-12

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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia

ISSN 1693-3443 (print) | 2613-9219 (online)
Organized by Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
Published by Prodi S1 Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang
W : https://jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/jkmi 
E : say.epid@gmail.comdikibimaprasetio@unimus.ac.id

 

 Creative Commons License

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.