Risk factors of stunting in toddler aged 24-59 month

Melba Riska Utami Hutabarat(1*), Irwanto Irwanto(2), Sulistiawati Sulistiawati(3)


(1) Program Studi Kebidanan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga Surabaya, Indonesia
(2) Departemen Ilmu Anak RS Dr. Soetomo Surabaya, Indonesia
(3) Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat FK Universitas Airlangga Surabaya, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Stunting is a chronic condition that describes growth retardation due to long-term malnutrition. Prevalenced of stunting in Cempaka subdistrict in 2017 reached 51.25% and the stunting incidence was widely found in toddler aged 24 – 59 month. The purpose of study was to analyze the risk factors of stunting in toddler age 24 - 59 month in Cempaka subdistrict, Banjarbaru. The research was an observational analytic with case control approached. The sample was 200 peoples included mothers and toddlers aged 24-59 months according to the inclusion criteria. Subject selection by cluster random sampling for selected the group’s sample and simple random sampling for selected its sample. The data was tested using Chi Square and logistic regression at significance level α = 0.05. This analysis was performed to find the association of stunting with selected factors. The resulted of the multivariate analysis showed short birth’s length had (p=0.00; OR 14.1) and the age 24-36 month had (p=0.01; OR 1.6) while mother’s height, sex, socioeconomic status, parent’s educational status, mother’s age married, mother's malnutrition status, birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding and complementary food’s time is not a factor in stunting. The conclusion of this study that short birth’s length and aged 24 – 36 month are the most dominant risk factor of stunting in toddler aged 24 – 59 month.


Keywords


toddler aged 24 – 59 month, stunting, risk factors, malnutrition

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aguayo, V. M., & Menon, P. (2016). Stop stunting: Improving child feeding, women’s nutrition and household sanitation in South Asia. Maternal and Child Nutrition. 12(1). 3-11. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12283

Adriani, M., dan Wirjatmadi, B. (2012). Pengantar gizi masyarakat. Jakarta: Kharisma Putra Utama.

Aguayo, V. M., Nair, R., Badgaiyan, N., & Krishna, V. (2016). Determinants of stunting and poor linear growth in children under 2 years of age in India: An in-depth analysis of Maharashtra’s comprehensive nutrition survey. Maternal and Child Nutrition. 12(1). 121-40. doi:10.1111/mcn.12259

Amaliah, N., Sari, K., & Suryaputri, I. Y. (2016). Panjang Badan Lahir Pendek Sebagai Salah Satu Faktor Determinan Keterlambatan Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia 6-23 Bulan Di Kelurahan Jaticempaka, Kecamatan Pondok Gede, Kota Bekasi. Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan. 15(1). 43-55. doi: 10.22435/jek.v15i1.4959.43-55

Chowdhury, M. R. K., Rahman, M. S., Khan, M. M. H., Mondal, M. N. I., Rahman, M. M., & Billah, B. (2016). Risk factors for child malnutrition in Bangladesh: A multilevel analysis of a nationwide population-based survey. Journal of Pediatrics. 172. 194-201 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.01.023

Christian, P., Mullany, L. C., Hurley, K. M., Katz, J., & Black, R. E. (2015). Nutrition and maternal, neonatal, and child health. Seminars in Perinatology. 39(5). 361-372. doi:10.1053/j.semperi.2015.06.009

Cutland, C. L., Lackritz, E. M., Mallett-Moore, T., Bardají, A., Chandrasekaran, R., Lahariya, C., … Muñoz, F. M. (2017). Low birth weight: Case definition & guidelines for data collection, analysis, and presentation of maternal immunization safety data. Vaccine. 35(48 Pt A). 6492-6500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.01.049

Dinkes Kota Banjarbaru (2016). Laporan Tahuanan Hasil Pemantauan Status Gizi (PSG) Balita Per Puskesmas. Banjarbaru: Dinkes Banjarbaru.

Dinkes Kota Banjarbaru (2017). Laporan Tahuanan Hasil Pemantauan Status Gizi (PSG) Balita Per Puskesmas. Banjarbaru: Dinkes Banjarbaru

Desalegn, B. B., Kinfe, E., Fikre, K., & Bosha, T. (2016). Stunting and Its Associated Factors in Under Five Years Old Children: The Case of Hawassa University Technology Villages, Southern Ethiopia. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 10(11). 25-33. doi: 10.9790/2402-1011022531

Hairunis, M. N., Rohmawati, N., & Ratnawati, L. (2016). Determinan Kejadian Stunting Pada Anak Balita Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Soromandi Kabupaten Bima Nusa Tenggara Barat. E-Jurnal Pustaka Kesehatan. 4(2), 323-329. diakses dari https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/JPK/article/view/3237

InfoDATIN. (2016). InfoDatin Situasi Balita Pendek 2016. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI. Diakses dari http://www.depkes.go.id/folder/view/01/structure-publikasi-pusdatin-info-datin.html

Kemenkes RI. (2018). Hasil Utama Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Diakses dari http://www.depkes.go.id.

Kementerian Kesehatan. (2018). CEGAH, CEGAH, dan CEGAH: Suara Dunia Perangi Diabetes. Jakarta: In Biro Komunikasi Dan Pelayanan Masyarakat Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Diakses dari http://www.depkes.go.id.

Kusuma, K. E. (2013). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Stunting Pada Anak Usia 2-3 Tahun (Studi di Kecamatan Semarang Timur). Journal of Nutrition College. 2(4). 523-530. doi: 10.14710/jnc.v2i4.3735.

Leroy, J. L., Ruel, M., Habicht, J.-P., & Frongillo, E. A. (2014). Linear Growth Deficit Continues to Accumulate beyond the First 1000 Days in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Global Evidence from 51 National Surveys. The Journal of Nutrition. 144(9).1460-1466. doi: 10.3945/jn.114.191981

Ni’mah, K., & Nadhiroh., S. R. (2015). Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Stunting Balita. Media Gizi Indonesia.10(1). 13–19. Diakses dari https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MGI/article/download/3117/2264.

Onyango, A. W., Borghi, E., De Onis, M., Del Carmen Casanovas, M., & Garza, C. (2014). Complementary feeding and attained linear growth among 6-23-month-old children. Public Health Nutrition. 17(9).1975-1983. doi: 10.1017/S1368980013002401

Rachmi, C. N., Agho, K. E., Li, M., & Baur, L. A. (2016). Stunting, underweight and overweight in children aged 2.0-4.9 years in Indonesia: Prevalence trends and associated risk factors. PLoS ONE. 11(5). 1-17. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154756

Saint Ville, A., Po, J. Y. T., Sen, A., Bui, A., & Melgar-Quiñonez, H. (2019). Food security and the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES): ensuring progress by 2030. Food Security. 11(3). 483–491. doi: 10.1007/s12571-019-00936-9

Schmidt, C. W. (2014). Beyond malnutrition: The role of sanitation in stunted growth. Environmental Health Perspectives. 122(11). A298–A303. doi: 10.1289/ehp.122-A298


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 30 times
PDF - 0 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jk.10.2.2021.119-128

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kebidanan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.



JURNAL KEBIDANAN

Program Studi Kebidanan
Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan
Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Indonesia
NRC Building, 2nd FLoor
Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18, Semarang
Tlp. +6224-76740288, Fax. +6224-76740287