Level of Student Knowledge about Obesity in Adolescents at SMA Negeri 3 Mataram

Aulia Amini(1*), Ana Pujianti Harahap(2), Catur Esty Pamungkas(3), Siti Mardiyah WD(4)

(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram
(3) Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram
(4) Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram
(*) Corresponding Author


Obesity is a complex disorder of appetite regulation and energy metabolism that is controlled by several specific biological factors. The prevalence of obesity in several Southeast Asian countries shows a high percentage. Indonesia ranks second after Singapore with the most significant number of obese adolescents, 12.2%, then Thailand (8%), Malaysia (6%) and Vietnam (4.6%) (Unicef, 2012). The emergence of nutritional problems in adolescents is basically due to wrong dietary behaviour, which is an imbalance between nutritional consumption and recommended nutritional adequacy. This research uses a descriptive-analytic design with a cross-sectional approach. The population was all students of class XI of SMA Negeri 3 Mataram, totalling 430 people. The sample was 86 people with simple random sampling technique. The variable used in this study is the level of student knowledge about obesity in adolescents. The data collection method uses a questionnaire that has tested for validity and reliability. Data analysis uses univariate analysis. The results showed that of the 86 respondents there were students with sufficient knowledge of 44 people (51.2%), most students aged 15-17 years were 74 people (86%), the majority of students were female, namely 57 people (66, 3%), and most students with average body mass index are 51 people (59.3%). Suggestion: students are expected to be able to increase their knowledge and control food intake both in the amount of food, type of food and frequency of meals to achieve the ideal BMI.


knowledge; obesity; adolescents

Full Text:



Adam, J. (2009). Obesitas Dalam Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam. Interna Publishing.

Badriah, D. (2014). Gizi dalam kesehatan reproduksi. Refika Aditama.

Boivin, A. (2009). Regional Difference in Adipose Tissue Metabolismin Obese Men.

Haristia, W. (2012). FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN OBESITAS PADA SISWA SMP DI KOTA DEPOK. https://adoc.pub/universitas-indonesia-faktor-faktor-yang-berhubungan-dengan-5c9c42db9df09f385654901ec256a14285981.html

Istiqamah, N., Sirajuddin, S., & Indriasari, R. (2013). Nurul Istiqamah 1 , Saifuddin Sirajuddin 1 , Rahayu Indriasari 1 1). 1–13.

Juliantina, F., Citra, DA, Nirwani, B., Nurmasitoh, T., Bowo, E. (2014). Benefits of Red Betel as Antibacterial Agents against Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria. Indonesian Medical and Health Journal, 1: 1: 12-20.

Kemenkes. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018.

Lemani, C., Tang, J., Kopp, D., Phiri, B., Kumvula, C., Chikosi, L., Mwale, M., & Rosenberg, N. (2016). Contraceptive uptake after a couples counseling intervention with community health workers: a cluster randomized trial. Contraception, 94(4), 417. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2016.07.126

Mardan, I. A., & Suarnianti. (2014). Gambaran Pengetahuan Sikap dan Perilaku Penyandang Distabilitas Tubuh Mengenai Kesehatan Reproduksi di Panti Sosial Bina Daksa Wirajaya (PSBD) Makassar. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Diagnosis, 4(2), 189–195. http://ejournal.stikesnh.ac.id/index.php/jikd/article/view/646

N. Syahrir, Thaha, A. R., & Jafar, N. (2013). Pengetahuan Gizi, body image, dan status gizi remaja Kota Makassar. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/PENGETAHUAN-GIZI%2C-BODY-IMAGE%2C-DAN-STATUS-GIZI-DI-OF-Syahrir-Thaha/aabb3c1aea35d8a1b5ab9a621dff50fbb5b6c441

Naab F, Brown R, H. S. (2013). Psychosocial health of infertile Ghanaian women and their infertility beliefs. J Nurs Scholarsh, 45(2). https://doi.org/doi:10.1111/jnu.12013.

Notoatmodjo, S. (2012). Metode penelitian kesehatan. renika cipta.

Renganathan, K. R. S. N. G. (2013). Recent developments for biodiesel production by ultrasonic assist transesterification using different heterogeneous catalyst: A review. Elsevier, 22, 410–418. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.01.057

Riskesdas. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018.

Rudy J. Valentine, MS, Victoria J. Vieira, M., Jeffrey A. Woods, P., & Ellen M. Evans, P. (2009). Stronger relationship between central adiposity and C-reactive protein in older women than men. Menopause: The Journal of The North American Menopause Society, Vol. 16, N, 84/89. https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e31817fcb8f

Sherwood, L. (2011). Anatomi dan Fisiologi Manusia Dari Sel Kesistem. EGC.

Sherwood, L. (2012). Fisiologi Manusia Dari Sel Kesistem. EGC.

Soegih, R. (2009). Tren Obesitas Dulu, Sekarang dan Yang Akan Datang. Sagung Seto.

Sugiyono. (2012). Metode Penelitian Bisnis. Alfabeta.

Sulistyoningsih, H. (2011). Gizi untuk kesehatan ibu dan anak. Graha Ilmu.

UNICEF. (2012). Indonesia Laporan Tahunan Obesitas.

WHO. (2015). Obesity and Overweight. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/

WHO. (2016). Physical Activity. In Guide to Community Preventive Services Web Site. https://www.thecommunityguide.org/topic/physical-activity

Widyastuti. (2011). Gizi dalam daur kehidupan. EGC.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 148 times
PDF - 1 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jk.11.2.2022.147-156


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kebidanan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Program Studi Kebidanan
Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan
Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Indonesia
NRC Building, 2nd FLoor
Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18, Semarang
Tlp. +6224-76740288, Fax. +6224-76740287