Molecular Characterization And Hemagglutination Activities of Flagellin Protein of Salmonella typhi

Sri Darmawati, Budi Santosa, Muhammad Evy Prastiyanto, Ragil Saptaningtyas


Abstract. The purposes of this research are for molecular characterization and hemagglutination activity test of flagellin
protein of Salmonella typhi. The research samples consist of 7 strains of S. typhi isolates from Central Java (5 strains from Semarang city, 1 strain from Salatiga and 1 strain from Magelang) and 2 strains of S. typhi from Yogyakarta (Doctor Sardjito Hospital and Bethesda Hospital). The undertaking procedures are: 1) PCR and sequencing of fliC genes using primer LPW 1856 and LPW 1857.2) Isolation and separation of flagellin protein using SDS-PAGE. 3) Hemagglutination Activity Test upon human erythrocytes of blood group A, B, AB and O.The results show that 8 strains of S. typhi have a fliC gene size of 1452 to 1488 bp including serovar H1-d, and 1 strain with the size of 1267 bp including serovar H1-J. Flagella protein resulted from SDS-PAGE protein consists of 1-2 major proteins and 1-3 minor proteins with a molecular weight of 16-116 kDa. The results of hemagglutination activity test of flagellin protein show that there are 3 strains of S. typhi (MG-1, SA02.2 and BET) which are able to agglutinate human erythrocytes of blood
group A, B, AB and O (2-64HA), 6 other strains show various hemagglutination activities varied

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