Girls’ Education: Danger and Resistance reflected in `I am Malala` by Malala Yousafzai and Christina Lamb and `My Name is Parvana` by Deborah Ellis

Ria Hendriani

Abstract


This study attempts to compare dangers and resistances faced by main characters in getting education, especially girls’ education. It also analyzes the significant issues of education in I am Malala and My Name is Parvana by using the concept of comparative literature in American school discipline. This study applies liberal feminism theory. The research findings can be formulated as follows: 1) there are three barriers endangering girls in getting education such as the weak position of women in society, poverty and conflict; 2) the resistances done by both characters to reach equal position in education. They strive to get better education and criticize the inequalities. The resistances in both literary works are conducted in difference ways. Malala argued that woman should be treated as equals as men; therefore, she never gives up in resisting dangers although she was shot by Taliban. Meanwhile, Parvana argued that there must be equality of role between women and men. Unfortunately, her effort fails and she gives up; 3) the significant issues, Malala and Parvana are aware of the advantages of education; therefore, they resist all dangers they faced. Finally, they become symbol of strong and independent women. In conclusion, both literary works raise clear issues about gender inequalities and the characters’ resistances in getting education.


Keywords


education, danger; resistance; comparative literature;liberal feminism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, S. 2012. The Taliban and Girls' Education in Pakistan and Afghanistan - with a case study of the situation in the Swat District. Lund University.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., & Sorensen, C. K. 2010. Introduction to Research in Education. USA: Wadsworth Publishing.

Cole, M. (Ed.). 2000. Education, Equality and Human Rights. USA: Routledge Falmer.

Creswell, J. W. 201). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. United States of America: Pearson Education, Inc.

Eagleton, M. (Ed.). 2003. A Concise Companion to Feminist Theory. United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Ellis, D. 2012. My Name is Parvana. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gamble, S. 2000. The Routledge Dictionary of Feminism and Postfeminism. New York: Routledge.

GCPEA. 2014. Education Under Attack. New York: Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA).

Hansen, G. 2015. Malala Yousafzai: Education Activist. United States of America: A Division of ABDO.

Lange, M. 2012. Educations in Ethnic Violence. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mulvey, A. 1988. Community Psychology and Feminism: Tensions and Commonalities. Journal of Community Psychology, 16(1), 70-83.

Reinharz, S. 1992. Feminist Methods in Social Research. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc.

Robinson, K., & Bessell, S. (Eds.). 2002. Women in Indonesia: Gender, Equity and Development. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Solovic, S. W. 2001. The Girls' Guide to Power and Success. United States: AMACOM Books.

Spivak, G. C. 1988. Can the Subaltern Speak? in Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, edited by C. Nelson, and L. Grossberg. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Streich, M. 2008. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Australia: Allen & Unwin.

Tong, R. 2009. Feminist Thought. United States of America: Westview Press.

Tryndyuk, I. 2013. Isn’t it too early to drop out of school? A study of girls’ education in the Chepang community of Nepal. Master’s Thesis University of Tromsø.

Tyson, L. 2006. Critical Theory Today. New York: Routledge.

Wollstonecraft, M. 1796. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. London: Courier Corporation.

Woods, P. 1999. Successful Writing for Qualitative Researches. London: Routledge.

Yousafzai, M., & Lamb, C. 2013. I am Malala. United States of America: Little Brown and Company.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/lensa.7.2.2017.190-199

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Lensa: Kajian Kebahasaan, Kesusastraan, dan Budaya is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0

 

 

Lensa: Kajian Kebahasaan, Kesusastraan, dan Budaya (Lensa)
p-ISSN: 2086-6100; e-ISSN: 2503-328X
Published by: Faculty of Foreign Language and Culture,Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang