The Urgency of First Language Acquisition in Three-Year-Olds

Erra Malinda(1*), Sholihatul Hamidah Daulay(2)


(1) Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan
(2) Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Children learn to speak their native language through a process known as language acquisition. Instead of being subjected to the same conditioning as adults, children are born with the innate ability to pick up a new language as part of their natural development. The aim of this research is to understand the challenges involved in teaching children their first language and to gain insight into the process by which infants acquire this language through the development of its syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic components. Qualitative methods were used in this study to examine the first language acquisition of children aged 3 years. The participants in this study were a 3-year-old child and her biological mother. Interviews and observations of children and mothers were conducted to obtain the necessary data. The result is that children aged 3 years are found to have problems in syntactical, phonological, and pragmatic

Keywords


Acquisition, Children, Language, Urgency.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Hamzi, A. M. S., Sartini, N. W., Al-Shrgabi, A. H. A. S., & Al-Maamari, J. N. S. (2021). Problems and Approaches in Children First Language Acquisition at Age 1-3 Years Old in Yemen. PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics, 6(1), 18-30.

Bolinger, Dwight. (2002) Aspect of Language. Second Edition. America: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc

Chomsky, Noam. (2009) Cartesian Linguistics: A Chapter in the History of Rationalist Thought. Third Edition. America: Cambridge University Press.

Marini, A., Eliseeva, N., & Fabbro, F. (2019). Impact of early second-language acquisition on the development of first language and verbal short-term and working memory. International journal of bilingual education and bilingualism, 22(2), 165-176.

Daulay, SH., (2011). Introduction to General Linguistics. Medan: La-Tansa Press. ISBN. 978-602- 8992-36-7

Daulay, S. H. (2019). Language and Society. Medan: Lembaga Peduli Pengembangan Pendidikan Indonesia (LPPPI). ISBN. 978-623-90653-3-1.

Daulay, S. H., & Tanjung, A. P. (2022). An Analysis of One Year Old Children Language Acquisition: A Case Study in Bandar Tongah. ELITE Proceeding, 1(1), 119-128.

Daulay, S. H., Niswa, K., & Pratiwi, T. (2022). The Impact of Specific Language Impairment (SLI) in 6-Year-Old Children. Child Education Journal, 4(2), 123-138.

De Carvalho, A., Crimon, C., Barrault, A., Trueswell, J., & Christophe, A. (2021). “Look! It is not a bamoule!”: 18‐and 24‐month‐olds can use negative sentences to constrain their interpretation of novel word meanings. Developmental science, 24(4), e13085.

Faradilla, A., & Daulay, S. H. (2023). Language Acquisition Process in Children Aged 4 Years: Syntactic Development Stage. ELITE JOURNAL, 5(1), 149-154. Retrieved from http://elitejournal.org/index.php/ELITE/article/view/118

Field, J. (2011)., Psycholinguistics. In The Routledge Handbook of Applied Linguistics. (pp. 229–242). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203835654.

Fromkin ,Victoria (1983) An Introduction to Language. Third Edition. New York. CBS College Publishing.

G. H. Lewes. (1879) The Study of Psycholinguistics. Cambridge:Riverside Press

Gleason, Jean Berko and Nan Bernstein Ratner.(1998) Psycholinguistics. Second Edition. United States of America. Harcourt Brace College Publisher.

Gleason, Jean Berko. (1985) The Development of Language and Learning. Boston: University of Boston Press.

Langacker, Ronald W. (1973) Language and its Structure: Some Fundamental Linguistics Concepts. Second Edition. America: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.

Linfors Judith Wells (1980) Children‟s Language and Learning. Texas: University of Texas Press.

Lyons, John (1981) Language and Linguistics:An Introduction. America: Cambridge University Press

Marpaung, L., Silitonga, D. N., Saruksuk, D. S., Purba, R., & Lubis, B.

N. A. (2022). THE CHILDREN'S ABILITY TO PRONOUNCE CAPITAL LETTERS IN WORDS AT THE AGE OF 2-3 YEARS IN KAMPUNG LALANG MEDAN. English Language Teaching Prima Journal (ELT), 4(2), 19-30.

Nasrin, Sadia (2008) First Language Acquisition:Grammar in the Speech ofA Two-Year Old Bangladeshi Child.Bangladesh: BRAC University Journal.

Ningsih, F. R., & Daulay, S. H. (2023). Language Acquisition on 2 Years Old Child: Taqiyya Mahiroh Case. ELITE JOURNAL, 5(1), 195-202. Retrieved from http://elitejournal.org/index.php/ELITE/article/view/113

Steinberg, Danny D. (2003) Psycholinguistics: Language, Mind and World. America: Longman Inc.

Suwandi,. (2008) A Through Study On A Child Learning Her First Language: A Case Study On A Three-Year Old Child. IKIP PGRI Semarang

Varshney, Radhey L. (2003) An Introductory Textbook of Linguistics & Phonetic. India: Student Store.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 177 times
PDF - 3 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Electronic ISSN: 2579-7263
CD-ROM ISSN: 2579-7549

Published by

FACULTY OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SEMARANG
Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No.18 Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Phone: +622476740295, email: [email protected]