Evaluating Students’ Voices in Their Outfit Reviews: An Appraisal Analysis

Yuni Awalaturrohmah Solihah(1*)

(1) Universitas Catur Insan Cendekia
(*) Corresponding Author


This study evaluated the language use in students’ speaking production. It was aimed to classify and analyze the level of attitude as one of subsystems appraisal theory proposed by Martin and White (2005). The attitude subsystem focused on the choice of words, phrases and structure by speakers to convey their reviews on an issue. The data were taken from 30 students’ reviews of presentation about outfit in a private university in Cirebon through descriptive qualitative method with spoken discourse analysis. The data were taken by transcribing the recorded students’ reviews into text, classifying into the clauses and analyzing the appraising items to conclude the attitude resources in the students’ reviews. The finding of this study demonstrates that appreciation is the most dominant used in students’ reviews to convey their representation to the things toward the outfit presentation. That makes their reviews are appreciative than emotional and judgemental to express their opinion about outfit presentation. This study suggests English lecturers to informs students the importance of attitudinal words usage in order to strengthen their voices, especially in speaking.


students’ voice, reviews, appraisal, attitude

Full Text:



Celce-Murcia, M., & Olshtain, E. (2007). Discourse and context in language teaching: A guide for language teachers. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Devira, M., & Westin, E. (2021). A genre and appraisal analysis of critical review texts in academic writing from a systemic functional linguistic perspective. Journal of Research in Applied Linguistics, 12(2), 22-36. https://doi.org/10.22055/RALS.2021.17007

Fitriati, S.W., & Ghasani, B.I. (2017). An appraisal analysis of critical reviews written by undergraduate students of English language education. Proceeding of the 6th ELTLT International Conference, 507-514.

Fitriati, S.W., & Solihah, Y.A. (2019). Non-native writers and the use of appraisal resources in research article introduction. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 8(3), 638-645. http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v8i3.15265

Hood, S. (2004). Appraising research: Taking a stance in academic writing. PhD Thesis, Faculty of Education University of Technology, Sydney Australia. Retrieved online from: https://grammatics.com/appraisal/suehoodphd/hoods-phd-links.htm

Jalilifar, A., & Hemmati, A. (2013). Construction of evaluative meaning by Kurdish-speaking learners of English: A comparison of high- and low-graded argumentative essays. Issues in Language Teaching, 2(2), 7-84.

Liu, X. (2013). Evaluation in Chinese university EFL students’ English argumentative writing: An appraisal study. Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 10(1), 40-53.

Martin, J.R. & White, P.R.R. 2005. The Language of Evaluation: Appraisal in English. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Martin, J.R. & Rose, D. 2003. Working with Discourse: Meaning Beyond the Clause. London: Continuum.

Pasaribu, T.A., & Dewi, N. (2021). Indonesian EFL students’ voices on online learning during COVID-19 through appraisal analysis. LEARN Journal: Language Education and Acquisition Research Network, 14(1), 339-426.

Rohmawati, I. (2016). Appraisal devices realizing attitudes in Barack Obama’s inaugural speech. Jurnal Vision, 5(1), 27-56.

Setyaningsih, N., & Larassati, A. (2019). Delving into students’ attitude towards teaching and learning process: An appraisal analysis of course review. Proceedings of the 3rd English Language and Literature International Conference. http://dx.doi.org/10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2285334

Siagan, I.V., Murni, S.M., & Zainuddin. (2019). Appraisal in students’ argumentative writing. Proceedings of the 4th Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership, 384, 299-302.

Suhaila, I. (2019). Appraisal analysis on Jokowi’s speech. Proceeding of the 2nd English Education Intenational Conference (EEIC) in conjunction with the 9th Annual International Conference (AIC), 19-21.

Tarigan, D.N., Zein, T.T., & Harefa, Y. (2022). Appraisal attitude analysis of debate verbal adjudication. LingPoet: Journal of Linguistics and Literacy Research, 3(1), 1-7.

Wihadi, M., Sujatna E.T., Soeriansoemantri., and Karlieni. (2018). Student-writers’ claims in hortatory argumentative essays: An appraisal study in convenience writing. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching, 21(2), 169-174. https://doi.org/10.24071/llt.v21i2.938

Xinghua, L., & Thompson, P. (2009). Attitude in students’ argumentative writing: A contrastive perspective. Language Studies Working Papers, 1(1), 3-15.

Yang, Y. (2016). Appraisal resources in Chinese college students’ English argumentative writing. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 7(5), 1002- 1013.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 173 times
PDF - 23 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Electronic ISSN: 2579-7263
CD-ROM ISSN: 2579-7549

Published by

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No.18 Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Phone: +622476740295, email: [email protected]