Gambaran Kebahagiaan Pada Mahasiswa Keperawatan

Nabila Alifia Ahmad(1*), Efri Widianti(2), Irman Somantri(3)


(1) Padjadjaran University
(2) Padjadjaran University
(3) Padjadjaran University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Kebahagiaan menjadi hal penting dalam pengembangan mahasiswa keperawatan sebagai perawat masa depan. Mahasiswa keperawatan yang menjalani kehidupan perkuliahan dengan bahagia cenderung lebih mampu berkembang dengan baik, produktif, dan sukses dalam studi akademik dan klinis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan kebahagiaan pada mahasiswa Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Padjadjaran. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ) dengan analisis data deskriptif menggunakan nilai numerik. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa aktif angkatan 2016, 2017, 2018, dan 2019 Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Padjadjaran Kampus Jatinangor, Garut dan Pangandaran berjumlah 960 mahasiswa. Teknik sampling menggunakan cluster sampling sehingga didapatkan sampel 283 responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan secara keseluruhan gambaran kebahagiaan mahasiswa Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Padjadjaran cenderung bahagia. Hal tersebut tercermin dari nilai rata-rata 126,71 ± 12,53 sudah berada di atas nilai titik tengah (101,50). Berdasarkan angkatan, angkatan 2019 memiliki nilai rata-rata tertinggi 133,55 ± 11,11 dan angkatan 2016 memiliki nilai rata-rata terendah 122,51 ± 11,89. Berdasarkan wilayah, Jatinangor memiliki nilai rata-rata tertinggi 127,52 ± 13,75 dan Pangandaran memiliki nilai rata-rata terendah 124,30 ± 10,24.



Keywords


kebahagiaan; mahasiswa keperawatan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alavi, H. R. (2007). Correlatives of happiness in the university students of iran (a religious approach). Journal of Religion and Health, 46(4), 480–499. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-007-9115-4

Argyle, M. (2001). The Psychology of Happiness (2nd ed). New York: Routledge.

Augesti, G., Lisiswanti, R., Saputra, O., & Nisa, K. (2015). Differences in Stress Level between First Year and Last Year Medical Students in Medical Faculty of Lampung. Jurnal Majority, 4, 50–56.

Boot, C. R. L., Donders, N. C. G. M., Vonk, P., & Meijman, F. J. (2009). Development of a student health questionnaire: The necessity of a symbiosis of science and practice. Global Health Promotion, 16(3), 35–44. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757975909339763

Cacioppo, J. T., Gardner, W. L., & Berntson, G. G. (1999). The affect system has parallel and integrative processing components: Form follows function. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(5), 839–855. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.76.5.839

Cha, S. K., & Lee, E. M. (2014). Comparison of Stress, Depression and Suicidal Ideation between Nursing Students and Students of Other Majors. The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 20(4), 650–658.

Chao, R. (2011). Managing stress and maintaining well-being: Social support, problem-focused coping, and avoidant coping. Journal of Counseling and Development, 89(3), 338–348. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2011.tb00098.x

Chen, C. J., Chen, Y. C., Sung, H. C., Hsieh, T.-C., Lee, M. S., & Chang, C.-Y. (2015). The prevalence and related factors of depressive symptoms among junior college nursing students: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 22, 590–598. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12252

Devkota, R., & Shrestha, S. (2018). Stress among Bachelor Level Nursing Students. Nepal Medical College Journal, 20(1–3), 33–40.

Eddington, N., & Shuman, R. (2005). Subjective Well Being (Happiness). Retrieved November 12, 2019, from http://www.texcpe.com/cpe/PDF/cahappiness.pdf

Field, T., Diego, M., & Sanders, C. (2001). Adolescent depression and risk factors. Adolescence, 36(143), 491–498.

Folkman, S. (2008). The case for positive emotions in the stress process. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 21(1), 3–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615800701740457

Garcia-Izquierdo, A. L., Ramos-Villagrasa, P. J., & Izquierdo, M. G. (2009). Los Big Five y el Efecto Moderador de la Resistencia en el Agotamiento Emocional [Big Five Factors and Resiliency Moderator Effect on Emotional Exhaustion]. Revista de Psicologia Del Trabajo y de Las Organizaciones, 25(2), 135–147. https://doi.org/10.4321/s1576-59622009000200004

Gatab, T. A., & Pirhayti, S. (2012). The Effect of the Selected Exercise on Male Students’ Happiness and Mental Health. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 2702–2705. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.550

Gibbons, C. (2010). Stress , coping and burn-out in nursing students. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(10), 1299–1309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2010.02.015

Hakim, A. (2014). Nursing students’ satisfaction about their field of study. Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism, 2(2), 82–87. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25512925%0Ahttp://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=PMC4235554

Harijanto, J. (2017). Hubungan Antara Dukungan Sosial Dan Kebahagiaan Pada Mahasiswa Perantau Di Surabaya. Psychopreuneur Journal, 1(1), 89–93.

Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2002). The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire: A compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 33(7), 1073–1082. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00213-6

Jun, W. H., & Jo, M. J. (2016). Factor affecting happiness among nursing students in South Korea. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 23, 419–426. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12330

Kahn, J. H., & Garrison, A. M. (2009). Emotional Self-Disclosure and Emotional Avoidance: Relations With Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56(4), 573–584. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016574

Kerfoot, K. M. (2012). The Pursuit of Happiness, Science, And Effective Staffing: The Leader’s Challenge. Nursing Economics, 30(5), 305–306.

King, K., Vidourek, R., Merianos, A., & Singh, M. (2014). A Study of Stress, Social Support, and Perceived Happines among College Students. The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being, 2(2), 132–144. Retrieved from https://www.journalofhappiness.net/frontend/articles/pdf/v02i02/4.pdf

Kulkarni, S., & Sanjeev, C. (2019). Happiness level among medical students of a medical college. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 6(7), 3024. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20192846

Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., & Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive affect: Does happiness lead to success? Psychological Bulletin, 131(6), 803–855. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.131.6.803

Mehrdadi, A., Sadeghian, S., Direkvand-Moghadam, A., & Hashemian, A. (2016). Factors affecting happiness: A cross-sectional study in the Iranian youth. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 10(5), VC01–VC03. https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2016/17970.7729

Nam, M. H., & Kwon, Y. C. (2013). Factors Influencing Happiness Index of Hospital Nurses. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, 19(3), 329–339.

Petchkong, J., & Choolert, P. (2017). Factor of Happiness Learning among Thai Nursing Student. Anpor Annual Conference.

Ratanasiripong, P., Ratanasiripong, N., & Kathalae, D. (2012). Biofeedback Intervention for Stress and Anxiety among Nursing Students : A Randomized Controlled Trial. ISRN Nursing. https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/827972

Ratanasiripong, P., & Wang, C. C. D. C. (2011). Psychological well-being of Thai nursing students. Nurse Education Today, 31(4), 412–416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2010.08.002

Schiffrin, H. H., & Nelson, Æ. S. K. (2010). Stressed and Happy ? Investigating the Relationship Between Happiness and Perceived Stress. J Happiness Stud, 11, 33–39. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-008-9104-7

Seligman, M., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1), 5–14. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.5

Shaban, I. A., Khater, W. A., & Akhu-zaheya, L. M. (2012). Nurse Education in Practice Undergraduate nursing students ’ stress sources and coping behaviours during their initial period of clinical training : A Jordanian perspective. Nurse Education in Practice, 12(4), 204–209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2012.01.005

Smith, G. D., & Yang, F. (2017). Stress, resilience and psychological well-being in Chinese undergraduate nursing students. Nurse Education Today, 49, 90–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2016.10.004

Steptoe, A., Dockray, S., & Wardle, J. (2009). Positive Affect and Psychobiological Processes Relevant to Health. J Pers, 77(46), 1747–1776. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00599.x.

Tabbodi, M., Rahgozar, H., & Abadi, M. M. M. (2015). The Relationship between Happiness and Academic Achievements. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 4(1), 241–246. https://doi.org/10.18844/gjgc.v5i1.131

Vaillant, G. E. (2000). Adaptive mental mechanisms: Their role in positive psychology. American Psychologist, 55, 89–98. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X

Waters, L. (2011). A review of school-based positive psychology interventions. Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 28(2), 75–90. https://doi.org/10.1375/aedp.28.2.75


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 87 times
PDF - 9 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.9.1.2021.11-26

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

PPNI Univ. Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: jurkep.jiwa@gmail.com

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.