The Analysis Effect Size of The PBL Model on The Science Competence for High School Students

Media Roza(1*)


(1) UIN Imam Bonjol Padang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The goal of this study is to see how successful problem-based learning (PBL) learning methods are at improving high school students' competencies. Research methods use meta-analysis. The research process includes deciding on a study topic, setting data selection criteria, searching for literature, grouping data information, interpreting the data, and finally coming to a conclusion. The database is an article published in the indexed journal Scopus and accredited SINTA. The article analyzed is the one published in the last 5 years, namely in 2017-2021. 25 articles met the criteria for further analysis. Data analysis techniques use effect size. Effect size values are measured and grouped by subject, grade level, and type of students' competencies. The results showed that based on subjects, the highest effect size was on biology subjects with very high criteria.  Based on the grade level of the highest effect size average grade for class XI. For critical thinking, problem-solving, and cognitive characteristics, the use of PBL has a high effect size. The PBL paradigm, it can be stated, is more beneficial in terms of biological learning results. PBL is also more effective in high school grades XI. From this study, it is also known that the critical thinking, problem-solving, and cognitive aspects of students are higher by applying the PBL model


Keywords


Problem Based Learning, Science, Effectiveness, Learning Outcomes

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jps.10.2.2022.XX-XX

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