Nurses' Anxiety amid of COVID-19 Pandemic

Dewi Setyawati(1*), Rasti Sastro(2), Siti Aisah(3)

(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang
(2) Undergraduate Student of Nursing Program Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang
(3) Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang
(*) Corresponding Author


The psychological response toward pandemics experienced by medical workers is increased due to the anxiety about their health condition and the risk to infect the family member. This research was aimed to describe the nurses’ anxiety amid the COVID 19 pandemic at Piru Hospital. This research was descriptive quantitative research with the cross-sectional approach. The research was conducted from December 29, 2020, to March 4, 2021. The population was 125 medical workers at RSUD Piru, with 95 respondents taken as a sample by using the random cluster sampling technique. The instrument used was Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HRS-A). The data was then analyzed by using frequency distribution data classified in a table. The result of univariate data analysis showed that 91 respondents (95.8%) didn’t experience anxiety, and 2 respondents (2.1%) experienced anxiety. In case of anxiety, 95.8% of nurses at Piru Hospital in West Seram Regency, Maluku didn’t experience anxiety. The research finding shows the importance of prevention and early detection of anxiety disorder to minimize further impact. Individual identification on the early stage of psychological disorder could be an effective intervention strategy.


Anxiety; Covid 19; Pandemic

Full Text:



Organization WH. Mental Health and Psychosocial Considerations during the COVID-19 Outbreak, 18 March 2020. World Health Organization; 2020.

Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020;395(10223):497-506.

Culp WC. Coronavirus Disease 2019. A & A Practice, 14 (6), e01218. Published online 2020.

Armitage R, Nellums LB. Protecting health worker mental health during COVID-19. Public Health. Published online 2020.

Chen Q, Liang M, Li Y, et al. Mental health care for medical staff in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(4):e15-e16.

Xiang Y-T, Zhao Y-J, Liu Z-H, et al. The COVID-19 outbreak and psychiatric hospitals in China: managing challenges through mental health service reform. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1741.

Zhang J, Lu H, Zeng H, et al. The differential psychological distress of populations affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Brain Behav Immun. Published online 2020.

Allsopp K, Brewin CR, Barrett A, et al. Responding to mental health needs after terror attacks. Bmj. 2019;366.

Wu Z, McGoogan JM. Characteristics of and important lessons from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China: summary of a report of 72 314 cases from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Jama. 2020;323(13):1239-1242.

Mahase E. Coronavirus: covid-19 has killed more people than SARS and MERS combined, despite lower case fatality rate. Published online 2020.

Du J, Dong L, Wang T, et al. Psychological symptoms among frontline healthcare workers during COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. Published online 2020.

Kang L, Li Y, Hu S, et al. The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus. The Lancet Psychiatry. Published online 2020.

Taghizadeh F, Hassannia L, Moosazadeh M, et al. Anxiety and Depression in Health Workers and General Population During COVID-19 Epidemic in IRAN: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Study. medRxiv. Published online 2020.

San Martin AH, Serrano JP, Cambriles TD, et al. Sleep characteristics in health workers exposed to the COVID-19 pandemic. Sleep Med. 2020;75:388-394.

Stanton R, To QG, Khalesi S, et al. Depression, anxiety and stress during COVID-19: associations with changes in physical activity, sleep, tobacco and alcohol use in Australian adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(11):4065.

Liu K, Chen Y, Wu D, Lin R, Wang Z, Pan L. Effects of progressive muscle relaxation on anxiety and sleep quality in patients with COVID-19. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2020;39:101132.

Liu Y, Gayle AA, Wilder-Smith A, Rocklöv J. The reproductive number of COVID-19 is higher compared to SARS coronavirus. J Travel Med. Published online 2020.

Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, et al. Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Netw open. 2020;3(3):e203976-e203976.

Chen B, Wang Y, Yang T, et al. Mental health among COVID-19 survivors and healthcare workers exposed to COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a cross-sectional study. Authorea Prepr. Published online 2020.

Croll L, Kurzweil A, Hasanaj L, Serrano L, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL. The psychosocial implications of COVID-19 for a neurology program in a pandemic epicenter. J Neurol Sci. 2020;416:117034.

Brooks S, Amlôt R, Rubin GJ, Greenberg N. Psychological resilience and post-traumatic growth in disaster-exposed organisations: overview of the literature. BMJ Mil Heal. 2020;166(1):52-56.

Tysiąc-Miśta M, Dziedzic A. The attitudes and professional approaches of dental practitioners during the COVID-19 outbreak in Poland: a cross-sectional survey. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(13):4703.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 577 times
PDF - 56 times



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Dewi Setyawati, Rasti Sastro, Siti Aisah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Kedungmundu Raya Street No. 18 Semarang, NRC Building Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: [email protected]