Hubungan Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) Dengan Kadar Gula Darah Penderita Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Tipe 2 Rawat Jalan Di RS Tugurejo Semarang

Miftahul Adnan(1*), Tatik Mulyati(2), Joko Teguh Isworo(3)


(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by an increase in glucose / blood sugar (hyperglikemi) due to chronic reduction or absence of insulin (Iqbal, 1996). That central obesity is one of the factors that influence the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Excessive fat deposits in the body can cause insulin resistance that affect blood sugar levels of people with diabetes mellitus (Waspadji, 2004). BMI is one way to determine the nutritional status is used to determine whether a person is obese or not. BMI has nothing to do with blood sugar levels with DM (Hartono, 2006). The general objective of this study was to determine the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) with blood sugar levels of type 2 diabetic
patients. This type of research is the explanation of research in the field of clinical nutrition. The method used is survey method with cross sectional approach. The study population was all patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the hospital outpatient clinic of Internal Medicine Tugurejo Semarang. Data collected at the outpatient patient in June-July 2011. Samples were taken as many as 37 people who meet the inclusion criteria. Types of data collected is the primary data and secondary data. Analysis of the data used is the univariate analysis to determine the frequency distribution characteristics of the sample, Kolmogorov Smirnov test
to determine normality of data, and Spearman test rating to determine the relationship between two variables is the dependent variable and independent variables. Results showed that the characteristics of patients with diabetes mellitus are mostly women (78.4%). The biggest age group in the age group 46-60 years (73%). Education is the largest school graduate school / vocational high (24.3%). Most jobs are housewives (59.5%). Most of the value of IMT in the group from 25 to 29.9 (51.4%). Blood sugar levels during most of> 200mg/dl (70.3%). Statistical analysis showed no relationship between values of BMI with blood sugar levels of type 2 diabetic patients with p value 0.000 (<0.05) and r = 0.201.
In conclusion the higher value of IMT with diabetes mellitus type 2 the higher the blood sugar levels.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Body Mass Index, blood sugar levels.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jg.2.1.2013.%25p

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Diterbitkan oleh: Program Studi Gizi (D3 dan S1)
Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan
Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Sekretariat: Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang

 

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