Pengaruh Kecepatan Gesek dan Ukuran Serbuk Cangkang Kelapa Sawit Terhadap Laju Keausan Material Komposit Alam

Mastariyanto Perdana(1*)


(1) Institut Teknologi Padang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Composite materials have been very widely applied in the industrial, one of its applications is on motorcycle brake pads. Composites that were applied to motorcycle brake pads still tend to use metal-type composite materials. They were made from synthetic materials. In this study, the use of oil palm shell waste as a composite base material was expected to be applied as an alternative material for motorcycle brake pads. In terms of hardness, the oil palm shell has high hardness. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of friction speed and size of palm oil shell powder on the wear rate of natural composite materials. The matrix used in this study was an epoxy, one of polymer material. The volume fraction between oil palm shell powder and epoxy resin was 55%: 45%. The variations in the size distribution of oil palm shell powder were 841-595 µm, 595-420 µm and 420-297 µm. Composite manufacturing process using compression molding method. The test carried out in this study is the wear rate test with a variation of the friction speed by 1300 rpm, 1500 rpm and 1700 rpm. The results showed that the larger size of palm kernel shell powder with low friction speed in natural composites gave the lowest wear rate value. For oil palm shell powder size 841-595 µm has a wear rate of 3.44 x 10-7 gr/mm2.s at a friction speed of 1700 rpm, 2.50 x 10-7 gr/mm2.s at a friction speed of 1500 rpm and 1.11 x 10-7 gr/mm2.s at a friction speed of 1300 rpm. For palm shell powder size 595-420 µm has a wear rate of 3.89 x 10-7 g/mm2.s at a friction speed of 1700 rpm, 2.67 x 10-7 gr/mm2.s at a friction speed of 1500 rpm and 1.35 x 10-7 gr/mm2.s at a friction speed of 1300 rpm. For oil palm shell powder size 420-297 µm has a wear rate of 4.83 x 10-7 gr/mm2.s at a friction speed of 1700 rpm, 3.52 x 10-7 gr/mm2.s at a friction speed of 1500 rpm and 1.58 x 10-7 gr/mm2.s at a friction speed of 1300 rpm. It is hoped that the composite made from palm oil shell powder and epoxy resin can later become an alternative material for motorcycle brake pads.

Keywords


Green composite; size of powder; wear; hardness; rotation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agbeleye, A., A., et. al., (2020). Tribological Properties of Aluminium-Clay Composites for Brake Disc Rotor Applications. Journal of King Saud University – Science. Volume 32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2017.09.002. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1018364717308340

Ahmad, F., et. al, (2013). Tribology Behaviour of Alumina Particles Reinforced Aluminium

Matrix Composites and Brake Disc Materials. Procedia Engineering. Volume 68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.12.238 Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877705813020924.

Babu, T., N., et. al., (2017). Specific Wear Rate of Epoxy Resin Based Composites Reinforced with Natural Fibers and Uni-Axial Glass Fiber for Bio Medical Applications. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET). Volume 8. Issue 3. Retrieved from http://www.iaeme.com/MasterAdmin/uploadfolder/IJCIET_08_03_073/IJCIET_08_03_073.pdf

Bambach, M., R., (2020). Durability of natural fibre epoxy composite structural columns: High cycle compression fatigue and moisture ingress. Composites Part C: Open Access. Volume 2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomc.2020.100013. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S266668202030013X

Binyamin, Nurrokayati, A., S., dan Prasetyo, B., B., (2019). Rekayasa Pembuatan Kampas Rem Berbahan Dasar Serbuk Tempurung Kelapa Bermatriks Phenolic Resin Terhadap Performa Gesek Pengereman. Traksi: Majalah Ilmiah Teknik Mesin. Volume 19. Nomor 2. https://dx.doi.org/10.26714/traksi.19.2.2019.104-120. Retrieved from https://jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/jtm/article/view/5032

Dirjen Perkebunan, Kemeterian Pertanian-RI. (2019). Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia 2018-2020. Sekretariat Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1FVxpBNihnuB3ayAALBi-FtsBShIUxMTD/view

Fazio, D., D., Boccarusso, L., and Durante, M., (2020). Tribological Behaviour of Hemp, Glass and Carbon Fibre Composites. Biotribology. Volume 21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotri.2019.100113. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2352573819300447

Hadiji, H., et. al. (2020). Damping Analysis of Nonwoven Natural Fibre-reinforced Polypropylene Composites Used in Automotive Interior Parts. Polymer Testing Journal. Volume. 89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomc.2020.100013 Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142941820304475

Hariprasad, K., (2020). Acoustic and mechanical characterisation of polypropylene Composites reinforced by natural fibres for automotive applications. Journal of Materials Research and Technology. Volume 9. Issue 6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.09.112. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2238785420318366

Haryanti, A., dkk. (2014). Studi Pemanfaatan Limbah Padat Kelapa Sawit. Jurnal Konversi, Volume 3, Nomor.2. https://doi.org/10.20527/k.v3i2.161 Retrieved from https://ppjp.ulm.ac.id/journal/index.php/konversi/article/view/161

Kristianta, F., X., Kristian, A., dan Sholahuddin, I., (2017). Variasi Ukuran Terhadap Kekerasan dan Laju Keausan Komposit Epoksi Alumunium-Serbuk Tempurung Kelapa untuk Kampas Rem. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin. Volume 8. Nomor 3. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2017.008.03.5. Retrieved from https://rekayasamesin.ub.ac.id/index.php/rm/article/view/400/321

Maryanti, Delvitasari, F., dan Winarto, (2018). Pengaruh Ukuran Partikel dan Jumlah Carbon Black terhadap Kekerasan dan Kekuatan Tarik Kompon Karet untuk Pembuatan Footstep Sepeda Motor. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian. https://doi.org/10.25181/prosemnas.v2018i0.1183. Retrieved from https://jurnal.polinela.ac.id/index.php/PROSIDING/article/view/1183.

Mohanty, J., R., Das, S., N., and Das, H., C., (2014). Effect of Fiber Content on Abrasive Wear Behavior of Date Palm Leaf Reinforced Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone Composite. International Scholarly Research Notices (ISRN) Tribology. Volume 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/453924. Retrieved from https://www.hindawi.com/journals/isrn/2014/453924/

Perdana, M., and Jamasri, (2016). Effect of Moisture Content and Dynamic Loading Cyclic On Stiffness of Fiberglass and Coir Fiber-Based Hybrid Composite. International Conference on Technology, Innovation, and Society (ICTIS) 2016. https://doi.org/10.21063/ICTIS.2016.1005 Retrieved from https://eproceeding.itp.ac.id/index.php/ictis2016/ictis2016/paper/view/138/20

Perdana, M., dan Nurzal, (2019). Pengaruh Fraksi Volume Komposit Serbuk Cangkang Kelapa Sawit/Epoksi Terhadap Kekerasan dan Laju Keausan. Jurnal Ipteks Terapan. Volume 13. Nomor 1. https://doi.org/10.22216/jit.2019.v13i1.3297. Retrieved from http://ejournal.lldikti10.id/index.php/jit/article/view/3297-14887

Perdana, M., Saferi., R., dan Pratiwi, P., (2019). Toughness and Fracture Surface of Frame of Drone Based on Composite from Waste Materials. Jurnal Teknik Mesin. Volume 9. Nomor 2. https://doi.org/10.21063/JTM.2019.v9i2.57-63. Retrieved from https://ejournal.itp.ac.id/index.php/tmesin/article/view/1154

Perdana, M dan Yulsardi, R., P., (2015). Pengaruh Fraksi Volume Penguat Terhadap Kekuatan Lentur Green Composite Untuk Aplikasi Pada Bodi Kendaraan. Jurnal Ipteks Terapan. Volume 9. Nomor 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.22216/jit.2015.v9i4.409. Retrieved from http://ejournal.lldikti10.id/index.php/jit/article/view/409-735

Purwanto, D., (2015). Pengaruh Ukuran Partikel Tempurung Sawit dan Tekanan Kempa Terhadap Kualitas Biobriket. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan. Volume 33. Nomor 4. https://doi.org/10.20886/jphh.2015.33.4.303-313. Retrieved from http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/JPHH/article/view/931

Rahmalina, D., Sukma, H., dan Putra, R., E., (2018). Pengaruh Kecepatan Luncur Terhadap Laju Keausan Material Komposit Hibrid Berpenguat Partikel Keramik. Prosiding Konferensi Ilmiah Teknologi Texmaco. Volume 1. Retrieved from http://kitt.stttexmaco.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/3.-Hal-17-22.pdf

Vasdazara, O., L., Ardhyananta, H., dan Wicaksono, S., T., (2018). Pengaruh Penambahan Serat Cangkang Kelapa Sawit (Palm Kernel Fiber) Terhadap Sifat Mekanik Dan Stabilitas Termal Komposit Epoksi/Serat Cangkang Kelapa Sawit. Jurnal Teknik ITS. Volume 7. Nomor 1. https://doi.org/10.12962/j23373539.v7i1.28200 Retrieved from http://ejurnal.its.ac.id/index.php/teknik/article/view/28200

Yudhanto, F., Dhewanto, S., A., dan Yakti, S., W., (2019). Karakterisasi Bahan Kampas Rem Sepeda Motor Dari Komposit Serbuk Kayu Jati. Jurnal Quantum Teknika. Volume 1. Nomor 1. https://doi.org/10.18196/jqt.010104. Retrieved from https://journal.umy.ac.id/index.php/qt/article/view/7235


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 147 times
PDF - 22 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/traksi.21.1.2021.1-14

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 TRAKSI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


TRAKSI : Majalah Ilmiah Teknik Mesin

ISSN : 1693-3451 (Pinted) e-ISSN : 2579-9738 (Online)

Published by: LP2M Unimus bekerjasama dengan APTI (Asosiasi Profesi Teknik Indonesia)  

 
ADDRESS

Jl. Kasipah No. 12 Semarang

E-mail: traksi@unimus.ac.id Call: 0248445768


Sponsors

Asosiasi Profesi Teknik Indonesia (APTI)

Website: www.apti.or.id