Gender Discrimination in Orhan Pamuk's 'Snow' and Khaled Hosseini's 'A Thousand Splendid Suns'

Iis Sugianti(1*)

(1) Universitas Negeri Surabaya (Unesa), Surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author


Women's life without discrimination or violence is the freedom and entitlement of women's rights. The objective of the study is to achieve the idea. Dealing with it, the researcher applies feminism approach proposed by Damewood's theory of gender discrimination. Gender discrimination refers to the practice of granting or denying rights or privilege to a person based on his/her gender that is longstanding and acceptable to both genders. The novel `Snow` and `A Thousand Splendid Suns` focus on gender discrimination, violence, oppression, and struggle to fight against them. The researcher explores how gender discrimination, patriarchy culture and most of violence and oppression happened in family and country. The phenomenon of violence is not only a discrimination done by husbands who do gender discrimination in family, but also a fight done by a wife to fight against them, it depends on its case. In `Snow`, the women character faced many problems related to their headscarves. They are discriminated by their government and parents. Kadife is depicted as a brave woman. She tries to defend women‟s right in Kars to keep on using their headscarves. While in A `Thousand Splendid Suns`, the limitation of women`s activity happened. Women are banned to get education and they should stay at home. Mariam and Laila get oppression and violence by their husband. Their struggle is shown in the murder of their husband, Rasheed. The unstable practice of gender discrimination was continuously preserved by the culture, not religion. It was like a patriarchal culture that is one of clear examples of the women phenomena in the world and it can be in the form of prohibition and limitation of the role of women in the public area.


gender discrimination; violence; oppression; patriarchy

Full Text:



Amin, Mustafa. 2009. A Critical Discourse Analysis of Gender Stereotyping in Its a Boy Girl Thing Movie. Malang: UIN.

Bashin, Kamla and Khan, Nighat Said. 1995. What is Patriarchy?.Kali for women: New Delhi.

Damewood, Cassie L. 2010. What Is Gender Discrimination. Retrieved October, 25,2015 from

Graham, Judith Ph.D. 2001. Understanding Gender Differences: Strategies to Support Girls and Boys. Family Issues : Current Research on Family Topics for Main Educator. US: University of Maine Cooperative Extensive.

Holmes, Janet, & Meyerhoff, Miriam. 2003. The Handbook of Language and Gender. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Hosseini, K. 2007. A Thousand Splendid Suns. New York Riverhead Books.

Mulvey, Anne. 1988. Community Psychology and Feminism: Tensions and Commonalities. Journal of Community Psychology Vol. 16 No. 1 pp. 70-83.

Orhan Pamuk Biography. Retrieved in October 2015

Pamuk, Orhan. 2005. Snow, Translated from the Turkish by Maureen Freely: Vintage International.

Reinharz, Shulamit. 1992. Feminist Methods in Social Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Tyson, Lois. 2006. Critical Theory Today. New York: Routledge.

Wardhaugh, Ronald. 1986. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. USA. Blackwell publishing.

Nabalarua, Eci. K. 2000. Gender & Family.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 2731 times
PDF - 99 times



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 LENSA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Lensa: Kajian Kebahasaan, Kesusastraan, dan Budaya is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0



Lensa: Kajian Kebahasaan, Kesusastraan, dan Budaya (Lensa)
p-ISSN: 2086-6100; e-ISSN: 2503-328X
Published by: Faculty of Foreign Language and Culture,Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang


Member of: