Literary Devices in Postmodern Literature: Exploring Fragmentation, Intertextuality, Metafiction, Irony, and Skepticism

Rizal Al Faqih(1*), Putri Thalia(2), Islamiatul Maghfiroh(3), Raras Arum(4)

(1) Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
(2) Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
(3) Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
(4) Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
(*) Corresponding Author


Various literary devices are employed in postmodern literature, including fragmentation, intertextuality, metafiction, irony, and skepticism. This study aims to explore how these devices challenge traditional narratives, reshape reality, and critique established power structures. The research method involves a comprehensive literature review to analyze the usage and implications of these devices in postmodern literature. The findings indicate that fragmentation disrupts linear narratives, intertextuality enriches texts through references and allusions, metafiction emphasizes self-reflection, irony subverts conventional meanings, and skepticism questions established ideologies. These devices contribute to a complex and critical understanding of the postmodern world. In conclusion, this research highlights the importance of these literary devices in postmodern literature as tools to challenge norms, broaden perspectives, and encourage critical engagement with narratives and social realities. Further research in this field can provide deeper insights into the role of these devices in shaping contemporary literature and society.


postmodern literature, fragmentation, intertextuality, metafiction, irony, skepticism.

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