Meningkatkan Kesehatan Mental Penderita Diabetes Melitus di Komunitas dengan Kegiatan Kelompok Swabantu (Self Help Group)

Tesaviani Kusumastiwi, Lilis Suryani, Denny Anggoro P

Abstract


Diabetes melitus merupakan penyakit metabolik yang memiliki prevalensi yang cukup tinggi di Indonesia. Penanganan jangka panjang pada penyakit ini dapat memberikan beban baik fisik maupun mental pada penderitanya. Munculnya masalah kesehatan mental pada pasien diabetes melitus akan memperburuk prognosis pasien. Penanganan holistik baik fisik dan mental diharapkan dapat dilakukan pasien diabetes melitus, salah satunya melalui kelompok swabantu (self help group) yakni kelompok yang terdiri dari para penderita diabetes melitus yang saling berbagi permasalahan dan memberikan dukungan satu sama lain. Program pengabdian masyarakat kelompok swabantu  penderita diabetes mellitus dilaksanakan di Desa Bogoran, Trirenggo, Bantul. Kegiatan swabantu berisi tentang sharing dari masing-masing penderita yang dipantau/dimonitor oleh dokter ahli jiwa. Pada kelompok swabantu di Desa Bogoran, Trirenggo, Bantul ditemukan komorbiditas gejala klinis depresi dan cemas pada penderita diabetes. Beberapa permasalahan yang dialami oleh para penderita adalah manajemen stres, gangguan tidur, kepatuhan minum obat, ketakutan akan komplikasi dan penyesuaian gaya hidup. Kegiatan kelompok swabantu selain dapat membantu para penderita diabetes dalam menangani permasalahan yang dihadapi terkait dengan diabetes melitus, juga dapat memberikan rasa kebersamaan dan saling menguatkan antar penderita diabetes.

Kata kunci: diabetes melitus, kelompok swabantu, kesehatan mental

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease that has a high prevalence in Indonesia. Long-term treatment of this disease can provide physical and mental burden on the sufferer. The emergence of mental health problems in patients with diabetes mellitus will worsen the patient's prognosis. Holistic handling both physically and mentally is expected to be carried out by patients with diabetes mellitus, one is through self-help groups (self-help group), which is a group consisting of people with diabetes mellitus who share problems and provide support for each other. The community service program for self-help groups with diabetes mellitus was carried out in Bogoran Village, Trirenggo, Bantul. Self-help activities are about sharing from each sufferer who is monitored by a psychiatrist. In the self-help group in the Bogoran Bantul area, comorbid clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety were found in diabetics. Some of the problems experienced by sufferers are stress management, sleep disorders, compliance with medication, fear of complications and lifestyle adjustments. Self-help group activities besides being able to help diabetics in dealing with problems faced with diabetes mellitus, they can also provide a sense of togetherness and mutual support among diabetics.

Keywords


diabetes mellitus; self-help groups; mental health

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/jsm.1.2.2019.92-98

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