Kohesi Gramatikal Konjungsi dalam Karya Sastra dan Implikasinya bagi Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia di SMA (Conjuction Gramatical Cohesions in a Literary Work and Their Implications for Indonesian Language Learning in Senior High School)

Asep Muhyidin

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis aspek kohesi gramatikal konjungsi dalan cerita pendek Titian Pelangi karya Helvy Tiana Rosa. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif -deskriptif. Berdasarkan uraian hasil dan pembahasan maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa wacana cerpen berjudul Titian Pelangi karya Helvy Tiana Rosa ini memiliki tingkat kohesi yang cukup baik ditinjau dari aspek gramatikal konjungsi. Dalam wacana cerpen ini ditemukan piranti kohesi gramatikal konjungsi sebanyak 158 buah yang terdiri atas: 1) hubungan penambahan; 2) hubungan peningkatan; 3) hubungan pertentangan; 4) hubungan waktu; 5) hubungan syarat; 6)hubungan tujuan; 7) hubungan kausal atau sebab akibat; 8) hubungan pemilihan; dan 9) hubungan memperlihatkan cara.

Kata Kunci: kohesi gramatika, konjungsi, analisis wacana, cerita pendek

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the aspects of conjunction grammatical cohesions in the short story of “Titian Pelangi” by Helvy Tiana Rosa. The research method is qualitative analysis technique to characterize descriptive presentation of data obtained by the research. The result showed short story “Titian Pelangi” has a fairly good degree of cohesions in terms of grammatical conjunction cohesion. In this short story discourse, the number of conjection grammatical cohesions is as many as 158 pairs of sentences. Grammatical cohesions in the aspect of conjunctions include: 1) conjunction relation additions; 2) conjunction enchancement relationship; 3) conjunction relationship contradictions ; 4) time relationship conjunction; 5) terms relationship conjunction relationship terms ; 6) conjunction relationship goals; 7) conjunction of causality; 8) conjunction of election relations ;and 9) conjunctionrelationship way.


Keywords


grammatical cohesion; conjunctions; discourse analysis; short story

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrams, M. H. (1993). A Glossary of Literary Terms. New York: Harcourt Brace Colege Publisher.

Ahmad HP. (2006). Wacana dan Pengajaran Bahasa (orasi ilmiah). Jakarta: UNJ.

Arifin, Zaenal dan Junaiyah. (2010). Keutuhan Wacana. Jakarta: GramediaWidiasarana Indonesia.

Bahaziq, Afnan. (2016). Cohesive Devices in Written Discourse: A Discourse Analysis of a Student’s Essay Writing. Journal English Language Teaching, 9(7), 112-119.

Bogdan, Robert C., & Biklen, S. K. (1982). Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Cook, G. (1989). Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Emzir. (2010). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Analisis Data. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.

Halliday, M. A. K., & Hasan, R. (1976). Cohesion in English. London: Longman Group Ltd.

Haris, Haris, S. N. F., & Yunus, M. M. (2014). The Use of Lexical Cohesion among TESL Post Graduate Students in Academic Writing. Journal of Education and Human Development, 3(2), 847-869.

Kridalaksana, H. (2008). Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Mahsun. (2014). Teks dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia Kurikulum 2013. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.

Rahardi, K. (2010). Teknik-Teknik Pengembangan Paragraf Karya Tulis Ilmiah. Yogyakarta: Universitas Atma Jaya.

Rosa, T. H. (2015). Ketika Mas Gagah Pergi. Depok. Asma Nadia Publishing House.

Rostami, G., & Gholami, H. (2016). A Contrastive Study of Lexical Cohesion Used in Sport Texts of Washington Times and Tehran Times Newspapers Written by English Native and Iranian Non-native Writers. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research, 3(1), 121-132.

Effendi, S. (2015). Bimbingan Apresiasi Piosa Naratif Cerita Pendek. Tangerang: Pustaka Mandiri.

Sudaryanto. (1993). Metode dan Aneka teknik Pengumpulan Data. Yogyakarta: UGM Press.

Tarigan, H. G. (1987). Pengajaran Wacana. Bandung: Angkasa.

Wiyanti, E. (2016). Kajian Kohesi Gramatikal Substitusi Dan Elipsis Dalam Novel “Laskar Pelangi” Karya Andrea Hirata. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra UPI, 16(2), 188-202.

Zaimar, O. S. K., & Ayu Basoeki Harahap. (2009).Telaah Wacana. Jakarta: The Intercultural Institute.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/lensa.8.2.2018.161-175

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Lensa: Kajian Kebahasaan, Kesusastraan, dan Budaya is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0

 

 

Lensa: Kajian Kebahasaan, Kesusastraan, dan Budaya (Lensa)
p-ISSN: 2086-6100; e-ISSN: 2503-328X
Published by: Faculty of Foreign Language and Culture,Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang