Analysis of factors related to self-care in chronic heart failure patients in Indonesian

Tobi Pitora(1*), Tuti Pahria(2), Eka Afrima Sari(3)


(1) Departemen Keperawatan Medikal Bedah, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Padjadjaran
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Medikal Bedah, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Padjadjaran
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Medikal Bedah, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Padjadjaran
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) has impacted changes in physiological and psychological status and has a high risk of death and recurrence. Self-care is one of the efforts that get resolved to prevent recurrence in CHF patients. This study aims to determine factors related to self-care in CHF patients. This study used a descriptive correlational method with a cross-sectional approach. The sample in this study was 74 respondents who were diagnosed with CHF. Collected data in this study using a questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using univariate, bivariate, and multivariate make use of Pearson's product-moment correlation test and multiple linear regression with the SPSS version 25 application. The study showed that most respondents who experienced CHF were male (70.3%), with the average respondent being 52 years old. The majority of respondents' education is in high school (63.5%) with an average knowledge of 10.76, self-efficacy of 35.00, social support of 77.05, and self-care of 69.66. The results of the bivariate test showed that there was a significant relationship between age (r = 0.281, p < 0.05), education (r = 0.312, p < 0.05), knowledge (r = 0.238, p < 0.05), self-efficacy (r = 0.321, p <0.05) and social support (r=0,239,p<0,05) for self-care in CHF patients. Multivariate analysis showed that self-efficacy was the most dominant factor (β=0.339) related to self-care in CHF patients. Self-efficacy has an important role in CHF patients in carrying out self-care, improve self-efficacy could be done by providing education and motivation, and support to patients in carrying out the treatment process.

Keywords


Chronic Heart Failure; Self-Care; Knowledge; Self-efficacy; Social Support

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/mki.5.4.2022.309-316

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