Whatsapp Reminder And Educational Video To Improve Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patient Control Compliance During The Pandemic

Noviyana Pujihastuti(1*), Priyo Priyo(2), Sigit Priyanto(3)


(1) Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas, Muhammadiyah Magelang
(2) Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas, Muhammadiyah Magelang
(3) Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas, Muhammadiyah Magelang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Efforts to control tuberculosis in Indonesia have encountered many challenges, including the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic so the focus of health programs was shifted to dealing with the pandemic. Many tuberculosis patients drop out of control because they are afraid of contracting COVID-19 if they come to the hospital that patient feels worried and decides to postpone the treatment so that it is not controlled according to the schedule given by the nurse/doctor. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of WhatsApp reminders and educational videos on control compliance of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in the pandemic era at the DOTS Poly Hospital Tidar Magelang City. This study uses a quasi-experimental design with a pre-test and post-test design with a control group design. The sample used was 48 respondents with a random sampling technique. WhatsApp reminder interventions and educational videos were given 4 times in 1 month. The statistical test used was the Shapiro Wilk, Mac Nemar, and Chi-Square tests with significant values (p <0.05). The results showed that there was a significant difference in control compliance before and after being given a WhatsApp reminder and educational video with a p-value: of 0.008 and there was a significant difference in the intervention group and the control group, p-value: 0.016. The conclusion of the study was that there was an effect of WhatsApp reminders and educational videos on the compliance of control of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in the pandemic era at the DOTS Poli, Tidar Hospital, Magelang City.

Keywords


Compliance; Educational Video; Pandemic; Pulmonary Tuberculosis; Whatsapp Reminder

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO. Global Tuberculosis Report 2020. World Health Organization 2020.

Badan Pusat Statistika. Jumlah Kasus Penyakit Menurut Kabupaten/Kota dan Jenis Penyakit di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Jawa Tengah : Badan Pusat Statistik 2019.

Platini H. Teknologi Dalam Meningkatkan Kepatuhan dan Perawatan Penderita Tuberkulosis : Tinjauan Literatur. Jurnal Surya 2020;12:1–7. https://doi.org/10.38040/js.v12i1.85.

Kemenkes. Surat Edaran Tentag Keberlangsungan Pelayanan Tuberkulosis/TBC Selama Masa Pandemu COVID-19 2020.

Dwi S. “Efektifitas Short Message Service (Sms) Reminder Terhadap Kepatuhan Pengobatan Tuberkulosis Paru” 2017;3:1–7.

Faisal. Pengaruh Edukasi dan Interactive Nursing Reminder Berbasis Whatsaap dengan Pendekatan Self Management Terhadap Kepatuhan Minum Obat dan Kualitas Hidup Pasien TB Paru. 2021.

Hikmawati LD. Efektivitas Media Audio Visual Whatsapp Dalam Edukasi Sebagai Upaya Menurunkan Resiko Penularan TBC Pada Anggota Keluarga Di Puskesmas Grati Pasuruan. Skripsi 2017.

Khayati FN, Mulyani ES, Purnomo RT. Pengaruh Edukasi Dengan Media Video Terhadap Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Kepatuhan Berobat Pada Penderita TB Paru Di Balkesmas Wilayah Klaten. Proceeding of The URECOL 2020:79–87.

Notoatmodjo S. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2018.

Rilangi AR. Pulmonary Tuberculosis Risk Factors in Elderly Patienets at I Lagaligo Hospital, East Luwu Regency 2020. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 6(11), 951–952 2021:2013–5.

Kemenkes RI. Tuberkulosis ( TB ). vol. 1. Jakarta Selatan: Kemeterian Kesehatan RI; 2018.

Rahman F, Yulidasari F, Laily N, Rosadi D. Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Masyarakat Tentang Upaya Pencegahan Tuberkulosis. Jurnal MKMI 2017;13:183–9.

Riana V et al. Hubungan Karakteristik Demografi Terhadap Kepatuhan Kontrol Pasien Menjalani Pengobatan Tuberculosis (TBC) Di Puskesmas Bintuhan Kabupaten Kaur Provinsi Bengkulu. Health Sciences Study 2021;Vol. 1 No.:55–62. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.37638/anjani.1.2.55-62.

Aliva M, Rahayu HSE, Margowati S. Pengaruh Promosi Kesehatan Melalui Media Leaflet Dan Whatsapp Terhadap Kepatuhan Minum Tablet Zat Besi Pada Ibu Hamil Di Puskesmas Tempuran. Indonesia Jurnal Kebidanan 2021;5:60. https://doi.org/10.26751/ijb.v5i2.1269.

Sukmawati E. Efektifitas Penyuluhan Kesehatan Terhadap Pengetahuan Perawatan Pasien Tuberkulosis (TB). JURNAL NERS LENTERA 2017;5:9–20.

Samantha R, Almalik D. Faktor-Faktor Internal Ketidakpatuhan Pengobatan Hipertensi Di Puskesmas Kedungmundu KotaSemarang. TjyybjbAcCn 2019;3:58–66.

Amalia D. Tingkat Kepatuhan Minum Obat Anti Tuberkulosis Pada Pasien TB Paru Dewasa Rawat Jalan di Puskesmas Dinoyo. J Chem Inf Model 2020;53:1689–99.

Akhu-Zaheya LM SW. The effect of short message system (SMS) reminder on adherence to a healthy diet, medication, and cessation of smoking among adult patients with cardiovascular diseases. Int J Med Inform 2017;98:65–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2016.12.003.

S. Hamtiah. Efektivitas Media Audio Visual (Video) Terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan 2019;1:9–25.

Mardiatun. Efektivitas Pendidikan Kesehatan Dengan Video Tentang Pencegahan Penularan Penyakit Terhadap Pengetahuan Pasien Tuberculosis Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sedau Tahun 2019. Jurnal Keperawatan Terpadu 2019;1:76–86.

Latif AI, Tiala NH. Efektivitas Video Edukasi Melalui Whatsapp Dalam Meningkatkan Pengetahuan Tentang Pencegahan Penularan Pasien Tuberkulosis Paru. Jurnal Kesehatan 2022;14:111. https://doi.org/10.24252/kesehatan.v14i2.24920.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 122 times
PDF - 3 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/mki.5.4.2022.280-290

Refbacks



Copyright (c) 2022 Noviyana Pujihastuti, Priyo Priyo, Sigit Priyanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

             

 

View My Stats 

University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: mki@unimus.ac.id