Increasing knowledge and attitudes of adolescents related to sexual and reproductive health by using audio-visual media during the covid-19 pandemic

Echi Agnes Claudia(1*), Iis Rahmawati(2), Dini Kurniawati(3)


(1) Departemen Maternitas dan Anak, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Jember
(2) Departemen Maternitas dan Anak, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Jember
(3) Departemen Maternitas dan Anak, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Jember
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Adolescence is a developmental stage from the transition to adulthood. A cognitive problem that affects adolescence namely the lack of knowledge about reproductive health. The purpose of this study was to explain the effectiveness of health education using audio-visual methods on students' knowledge and attitudes about adolescent reproductive health during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research uses a quasi-experimental design. The results obtained from the 75 respondents who filled out the questionnaire showed that the attitude of the students on the pre-test score was 60,00 and the post-test was 63,45, whereas the students' knowledge on the pre-test score was 15,89 and the post-test is 17,20. From the results of the research carried out with the Wilcoxon test that the Asymp. Sig (2-tailed) is worth 0,0001 where the value is less than <0.005, therefore the hypothesis was accepted. Using audiovisual media is that it will add more real material content and will increase memory retention due to media that is much interesting and easy to remember by the individual, factors that can influence knowledge and attitudes related to reproductive and sexual health in adolescents are knowledge, attitudes and the individual's environment in processing the information obtained. Therefore there is a significant effect of health education with audiovisual methods on increasing the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents related to reproductive and sexual health.

Keywords


Audiovisual; Health Education; Attitudes; Knowledge

Full Text:

PDF

References


Fitriana H, Siswantara P. Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja di SMPN 52 Surabaya. Indones J Public Heal 2018;13:110–21. https://doi.org/10.20473/ijph.vl13il.2018.109-120.

Sagala SH, Maifita Y, Armaita. Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Masyarakat terhadap Covid-19: a Literature Review. J Menara Med 2020;3:46–53.

Engel DMC, Paul M, Chalasani S, Gonsalves L, Ross DA, Chandra-Mouli V, et al. A Package of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Interventions—What Does It Mean for Adolescents? J Adolesc Heal 2019;65:S41–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.09.014.

Raudiah, Lubis NL, Moriza T. Analisis Pelaksanaan Trias Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah Dalam Penyampaian Informasi Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja SMP. J Jumantik 2020;5:99–110.

Tulangow RR. Gambaran Pelaksanaan Program Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah ( UKS ) bagi Peserta Didik Kelas XI SMA Negeri 2 Dumoga n.d.:143–9.

Ranni GAIP, Lestari RTR, Sari NAME. Effects Of Giving Audiovisual Health Education About Adolescent Reproduction To The Knowledge Of Premarital Sexual Behavior. Bali Med J 2020;7:46–60.

Muthia F, Fitriangga A, Yanti SN. Perbedaan Efektifitas Penyuluhan Kesehatan menggunakan Metode Ceramah dan Media Audiovisual (Film) terhadap Pengetahuan Santri Madrasah Aliyah Pesantren Khulafaur Rasyidin tentang TB Paru Tahun 2015. J Cerebellum 2016;2:646–56.

Untan FK. Jurnal Cerebellum. Volume 2. Nomor 4. November 2016 2016;2:646–56.

Azizah HAN, Amelia CR, Dewi M. Perbedaan Pengaruh Metode Simulation Game (SIG) dengan Audio Visual terhadap Peningkatan Pengetahuan Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja Putri di SMK Negeri 1 Pujon. J Issues Midwifery 2018;2:1–10. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.joim.2018.002.02.1.

Solehati T, Trisyani M, Kosasih CE. Gambaran Pengetahuan, Sikap, Dan Keluhan Tentang Menstruasi Diantara Remaja Puteri. J Keperawatan Komprehensif (Comprehensive Nurs Journal) 2018;4:86–91. https://doi.org/10.33755/jkk.v4i2.110.

Irawan E. Gambaran Pengetahuan Remaja Tentang Kesehatan Reproduksi Di Desa Kertajaya. J Keperawatan BSI 2016;4:26–31.

Lestari FS, Rinawan FR, Afriandi I, Karlinah S, Arya IF, Sunjaya DK. Pemetaan Berita Online tentang Imunisasi Measles Rubella Tahun 2018 di Indonesia. Media Penelit Dan Pengemb Kesehat 2020;30:27–36. https://doi.org/10.22435/mpk.v30i1.1944.

Ramadhani A, Ramadani ML. Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan dengan Metode Ceramah dan Audiovisual terhadap Pengetahuan Tentang Infeksi Menular Seksual Pada Remaja. J Keperawatan Muhammadiyah 2020;Edisi Khus:346–52.

Waryana, Sitasari A, Febritasanti DW. Intervensi Media Video Berpengaruh pada Pengetahuan dan Sikap Remaja Putri dalam Mencegah Kurang Energi Kronik (Video Intervention Affects Knowledge and Attitude among Teenage Girls in Preventing Chronic Energy Malnutrition). J AcTion Aceh Nutr J 2019;4:58–62.

Hidayati IR, Pujiana D, Fadillah M. Abstrak 1,2,3. Pengaruh Pendidik Kesehat Terhadap Pengetah Dan Sikap Siswa Tentangbahaya Merokok Kelas Xi Sma Yayasan Wan Kereta Apipalembang Tahun 2019 2019;12:125–35.

Meidiana R, Simbolon D, Wahyudi A. Pengaruh Edukasi melalui Media Audio Visual terhadap Pengetahuan dan Sikap Remaja Overweight. J Kesehat 2018;9:478. https://doi.org/10.26630/jk.v9i3.961.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 46 times
PDF - 0 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/mki.4.4.2021.304-310

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Echi Agnes Claudia, Iis Rahmawati, Dini Kurniawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

             

 

View My Stats 

University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: mki@unimus.ac.id