Nurses' Experiences Confirmed Positive Covid-19: Qualitative Study

Faqih Ruhyanudin(1*), Sunardi Sunardi(2), Hafidz Shofi Fuad Efendi(3), Nadila Rosi Azalia(4)


(1) Departmen Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
(2) Departmen Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
(3) Departmen Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
(4) Departmen Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) has become a global pandemic worldwide, and the number of incidents increases every day. Nurses who provide care services in contact with patients are a vulnerable group with a high risk of transmission, so it is not uncommon for nurses to feel anxious and afraid to provide patients. This study describes the experiences of nurses who were confirmed COVID-19, including the origin of the exposure, clinical manifestations, the healing efforts made, and their psychological and spiritual experiences. The research design used was qualitative with a phenomenological approach to clinical nurses who had been confirmed positive for COVID-19 and at the time of the study had been declared cured—collecting data using semi-structured in-depth interviews with participants selected by purposive and snowball sampling techniques. This study reached saturation in the sixth participant—data analysis with Colaizzi Measures. The study identified six themes: 1) Lack of courage to report symptoms and carry out examinations, 2) Exposure to COVID-19 at their work, 3) Mild symptoms of Covid-19, 4) The most severe problem it felt was the psychological, 5) Efforts to heal with medication, 6) Support from workplace institutions and colleagues, 7) Religious, spiritual efforts, and 8) The sequelae after being healed. The negative stigma in the community towards covid survivors causes them to hide their illness so that the hospital and the surrounding community don't know about it. When confirmed COVID-19, the participants were in the mild category due to their young age and received the second vaccine. Although the symptoms are mild, they feel a psychological burden in fear and anxiety if their condition worsens. Efforts for healing use a medical approach with medication, recreational, psychological support, herbal treatment, and spiritual support in worship and prayer.

Keywords


Nurses Experience; Confirmed Covid-19

Full Text:

PDF

References


Wulandari A, Rahman F, Pujianti N, Sari AR, Laily N, Anggraini L, et al. Hubungan Karakteristik Individu dengan Pengetahuan tentang Pencegahan Coronavirus Disease 2019 pada Masyarakat di Kalimantan Selatan. J Kesehat Masy Indones 2020;15:42. https://doi.org/10.26714/jkmi.15.1.2020.42-46.

WHO. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. World Heal Organ 2021.

Infeksi Emerging Kemenkes RI. Situasi Terkini Perkembangan Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) 12 Februari 2021. Infeksi Emerg Media Inf Resmi Terkini Penyakit Infeksi Emerg 2021.

Yustisia N, Utama TA, Aprilatutini T. Adaptasi Perilaku Caring Perawat pada Pasien Covid-19 di Ruang Isolasi. J Keperawatan Muhammadiyah Bengkulu 2020;8:117–27. https://doi.org/10.36085/jkmu.v8i2.1059.

Aditya NR. IDI: Kematian Tenaga Medis Indonesia 3 Besar di Dunia. KompasCom 2021.

Onikananda AK. Pelaksanaan Promosi Kesehatan Pada Perawat yang Menangani Pasien Covid-19 di Ruang Isolasi Rumah Sakit X. J Ilm Permas J Ilm STIKES Kendal 2021;11:1–10.

Sudarsa IW. Pembedahan Kanker di Masa Pandemi COVID-19. JBN (Jurnal Bedah Nasional) 2020;4:1. https://doi.org/10.24843/jbn.2020.v04.is01.p01.

Al‐Shamsi HO, Alhazzani W, Alhuraiji A, Coomes EA, Chemaly RF, Almuhanna M, et al. A Practical Approach to the Management of Cancer Patients During the Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 ( COVID ‐19) Pandemic: An International Collaborative Group . Oncologist 2020;25:e936. https://doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2020-0213.

Liu Q, Luo D, Haase JE, Guo Q, Wang XQ, Liu S, et al. The experiences of health-care providers during the COVID-19 crisis in China: a qualitative study. Lancet Glob Heal 2020;8:e790–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30204-7.

Fadli F, Safruddin S, Ahmad AS, Sumbara S, Baharuddin R. Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kecemasan pada Tenaga Kesehatan Dalam Upaya Pencegahan Covid-19. J Pendidik Keperawatan Indones 2020;6:57–65. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v6i1.24546.

Tallulembang A, Widani NL, Bandur A. Pengalaman Perawat Dalam Memberikan Asuhan Keperawatan Pada Pasien Covid-19 di DKI Jakarta. MPPKI (Media Publ Promosi Kesehat Indones Indones J Heal Promot 2020;4:74–91.

Husson O, Haak HR, Buffart LM, Nieuwlaat W-A, Oranje WA, Mols F, et al. Health-related quality of life and disease specific symptoms in long-term thyroid cancer survivors: A study from the population-based PROFILES registry. Acta Oncol (Madr) 2013;52:249–58. https://doi.org/10.3109/0284186X.2012.741326.

Utama TA, Sukmawati, Dianty FE. Pengalaman Perawat Dalam Memberikan Asuhan Keperawatan Pada Pasien Terinfeksi Covid-19. J Ilmu Keperawatan Indones 2020;1:13–9.

Iswanti, Ilmi B, Syafwani M. Pengalaman Perawat Saat Terkonfirmasi Covid-19 di Rumah Sakit Dokter H. Mochammad Ansari Saleh Banjarmasin. Syntax Idea 2021;3:103–11.

Kristanto AD, Kahija YF La. Pengalaman Coping Terhadap Diagnosis Kanker Pada Penderita Usia Kerja Di Rumah Sakit Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto. J EMPATI 2017;6:1–9. https://doi.org/10.2/JQUERY.MIN.JS.

Ruhyanudin F, Waluyo A, Yulia. Pengalaman Pasien Kanker Dalam Menjalani Kemoterapi: Studi Fenomenologi Di RSPAD Gatoet Soebroto DITKESAD Jakarta. vol. 0. 2017.

Dai NF. Stigma Masyarakat Terhadap Pandemi Covid-19. Pros Nas Covid-19 2020:66–73.

Kemenkes RI. Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disease (COVID- 19) Revisi ke-5. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2020.

Rosyanti L, Hadi I. Dampak Psikologis dalam Memberikan Perawatan dan Layanan Kesehatan Pasien COVID-19 pada Tenaga Profesional Kesehatan. Heal Inf J Penelit 2020;12:107–30. https://doi.org/10.36990/hijp.vi.191.

Sutiani Y, Tosepu R, Salma WO. Faktor Risiko Mobilitas Penduduk Denga Kejadian Covid-19 di Kota Baubau. Nurs Updat 2021;12:21–30.

Banjarnahor S. Variasi Gejala Covid-19 Yang Dialami Perawat Murni Teguh Memorial Hospital. Indones Trust Heal J 2020;3:360–3. https://doi.org/10.37104/ithj.v3i2.60.

Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. N Engl J Med 2020;382:727–33. https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa2001017.

Gerkin RC, Ohla K, Veldhuizen MG, Joseph P V., Kelly CE, Bakke AJ, et al. The best COVID-19 predictor is recent smell loss: A cross-sectional study. MedRxiv 2020. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.22.20157263.

Karni N, Klein H, Asseo K, Benjamini Y, Israel S, Nammary M, et al. Self-Rated Smell Ability Enables Highly Specific Predictors of COVID-19 Status: A Case-Control Study in Israel. Open Forum Infect Dis 2021;8:1–8. https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofaa589.

Viner RM, Ward JL, Hudson LD, Ashe M, Patel SV, Hargreaves D, et al. Systematic review of reviews of symptoms and signs of COVID-19 in children and adolescents. Arch Dis Child 2021;106:802–7. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-320972.

Baltas I, Boshier FAT, Williams CA, Bayzid N, Cotic M, Afonso Guerra-Assunção J, et al. Post-Vaccination Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Case-Control Study and Genomic Analysis of 119 Breakthrough Infections in Partially Vaccinated Individuals. Clin Infect Dis 2021. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciab714.

Tan R, Yu T, Luo K, Teng F, Liu Y, Luo J, et al. Experiences of clinical first-line nurses treating patients with COVID-19: A qualitative study. J Nurs Manag 2020;28:1381–90. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.13095.

Abudi R, Mokodompis Y, Magulili AN. Stigma Terhadap Orang Positif Covid-19. Jambura J Heal Sci Res 2020;2:77–84.

Dwinantoaji H, DW S. Human security, social stigma, and global health: the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. J Thee Med Sci (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) 2020;52:74–81. https://doi.org/10.19106/jmedscisi005203202014.

Corpuz JCG. COVID-19: spiritual interventions for the living and the dead. J Public Health (Oxf) 2021;43:e244–5. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa167.

Ferrell BR, Handzo G, Picchi T, Puchalski C, Rosa WE. The Urgency of Spiritual Care: COVID-19 and the Critical Need for Whole-Person Palliation. J Pain Symptom Manage 2020;60:e7–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JPAINSYMMAN.2020.06.034.

Lambert NJ, Survivor Corps. COVID-19 “Long Hauler” Symptoms Survey Report. Indiana Univ Sch Med 2020:1–13.

Davis HE, Assaf GS, Mccorkell L, Wei H, Low RJ, Re Y, et al. Characterizing Long Covid in an International Cohort: 7 Months of Symtomps and Their Impact n.d.

Kurniawan Y, Susilo MNIB. Bangkit Pascainfeksi: Dinamika Resiliensi pada Penyintas Covid-19. Philanthr J Psychol 2021;5:131. https://doi.org/10.26623/philanthropy.v5i1.3326.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 156 times
PDF - 1 times

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26714/mki.5.1.2022.1-13

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Faqih Ruhyanudin, Sunardi Sunardi, Hafidz Shofi Fuad Efendi, Nadila Rosi Azalia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

             

 

View My Stats 

University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Jl. Kedungmundu Raya No. 18 Semarang Gedung NRC University of Muhammadiyah Semarang

Phone: 02476740287
Fax: 02476740287
Email: mki@unimus.ac.id